JRJL'^V -S^* •' -
•v " _
"Where the summer sun spends the winter"
was the boast made by early settlers of
Utah's 82-mile-long semi-tropical belt which,
because of its climate, they affectionately
called "Dixie." Brigham Young hurried to
join them, building his winter home in the
heart of this sun-drenched land, in St. George.
Bloomington, just a few minutes south on
the new freeway, is Utah's first modern
year-around resort community — where
weary northerners can trade in snow
shovels for golf clubs throughout the
bitterest winter months.
Now available for purchase is a variety of
exclusive Bloomington home sites: on the
river, around the fabulous new 18-hole golf
course (ready for play this spring), small
sites convenient for town houses, sprawling
estate sites spacious enough for swimming
pools, corrals and stables.
Owned and developed by: Johnson Land Company
Exclusive sales agent:
IVORY AND BOYER COMPANY
610 East South Temple, Salt Lake City, Utah 84102
165 North 100 East, St. George, Utah 84770
Phone 801 322-1211
The Nauvoo Temple — upper left, as it was
in original glory — as painted by Steven T.
Baird; the Nauvoo Temple ruins, lower, a
colored rendition of a drawing by Fredrick
Piercy, mid-nineteenth century artist; and
upper right, the Nauvoo Temple block as
it is to be reconstructed. See page 10,
"Nauvoo Temple Restoration" by Jay M.
The Voice of the Church
Volume 71, Number 10
Editor's Page: Some Personal Notes, President David 0. McKay
Liquor by the Drink, Gordon B. Hinckley
And They Will Find Him There, M. Taylor Abegg
Nauvoo Temple Restoration, Jay M. Todd
Drugs: Their Use and Abuse, Dr. Lowell L. Bennion
Lion House Social Center Reopens, Eleanor Knowles
The Long Hot Summer of 1912 (Part 3): Return of Mountain Men,
Karl E. Young
Elder William J. Critchlow, Jr., 1892-1968
The Challenge of the Single Years, Maurine D. Keeler
Longtime Era Employee Dies
A New Look at the Pearl of Great Price: Part 5, A Unique Document
(continued), Dr. Hugh Nibley
Lest We Forget: ZCMI, America's First Department Store, Albert L.
Era Asks About the Church Historian's Office
Today's Family: Your Very Own Vote, Florence B. Pinnock
Genealogy: English Probate Jurisdictions
The Presiding Bishopric's Page: The Presiding Bishop Speaks to
Youth About Honesty, Bishop John H. Vandenberg
The LDS Scene
Buffs and Rebuffs
The Church Moves On
These Times: The Racial Revolution in America, Dr. G. Homer Durham
End of an Era
77, 79 The Spoken Word, Richard L. Evans
Era of Youth
41-56 Marion D. Hanks and Elaine Cannon, Editors
71, 81 Poetry
David O. McKay and Richard L. Evans. Editors; Doyle L. Green. Managing Editor: Albert L. Zobell. Jr., Research Editor; Mabel Jones Gabbott, Jay M. Todd.
Eleanor Knowles, William T. Sykes. Editorial Associates; Florence B. Pinnock, Today's Family Editor; Marion D. Hanks, Era of Youth Editor; Elaine Cannon.
Era of Youth Associate Editor: Ralph Reynolds, Art Director; Norman F. Price, Staff Artist.
G. Homer Durham, Franklin S. Harris. Jr.. Hugh Nibley, Sidney B. Sperry, Albert L. Payne, Contributing Editors.
G. Carlos Smith. Jr.. General Manager; Florence S. Jacobsen, Associate General Manager: Verl F. Scott. Business Manager; A, Glen Snarr. Acting Business
Manager and Subscription Director; Thayer Evans, S. Glenn Smith. Advertising Representatives.
©General Superintendent, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1968, and published by the
Mutual Improvement Associations of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. All rights reserved. Subscription price. $3.00 a year, in advance;
multiple subscriptions, 2 years. $5-75: 3 years. $8.25; each succeeding year. $2,50 a year added to the three-year price; 35C single copy, except for
Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, Utah, as second class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103,
act of October 1917, authorized July 2. 1918.
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The Editor's Page
^Ulllfc/ JloIoUIIcLL 1 \IUlfc/o
To Declare the Restoration of the Gospel
Some 85 years ago it was customary for missionaries
to be publicly called from the rostrum of the Salt
Lake Tabernacle at general conference. One day my
father was numbered among those called to go to the
British Mission to preach the gospel.
When he came home from Salt Lake City just after
receiving the call, his oldest brother came in and said,
"David, you cannot go on that mission. You cannot
leave Jennette [my mother] under the present
There was a promise of an increase in the family,
which was why he said, "You must not go."
As he was going out the door to return to his own
home, Father turned to Mother and said, "You heard
what my brother advised. What shall we do?"
She answered, "Are you in God's stead? You are
called to go on a mission. You go! The Lord will take
care of me and our children."
So Father left for his mission to Scotland on April
19, 1881. Ten days later, a little girl was born into
our home, the sixth child in the family. The baby
was over two years old before Father ever saw her.
It may well be asked: "Why does the Church send
The answer may be given specifically: "To declare
the restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ." Restora-
tion of the gospel of Jesus Christ implies that there
was an apostasy from the original teachings and
organization as proclaimed and established by Christ
and the early apostles.
We testify that there was indeed such an apostasy.
We testify that the Church was restored anew through
the great Prophet of the latter days, Joseph Smith,
and that the Church continues today with all the
strength of that authority.
"Man's Extremity Is God's Opportunity'
Many years ago Elder James McMurrin had to fill
an appointment in Falkirk, Scotland, on a Sunday
evening. He was in Burntisland on Saturday night
and had enough money to pay his boat ride across
the Leith Walk to Edinburgh. When that was spent,
he was penniless. And the only way he could get
from Edinburgh to Falkirk was by train.
That Sunday he had an appointment with the
branch in Edinburgh from ten to twelve. When the
members asked him to go to lunch, he said, "No,
thank you, I have an appointment in Falkirk, and I
must take the train at one o'clock."
By President David O. McKay
One by one the Saints bade him good-bye, all but sider the fact that the gatekeeper was a Scotsman,
Brother Robertson, the branch president, who said, who would never do that. ) It didn't happen.
"If ye canna go hame with me, I'll gae ye Scotch What did happen? Brother Robertson had just
convoy," and together they walked across Princess returned to the steps leading up to Princess Street
Street down to Waverly Station, crossing under the when the thought came to him, "I wonder if Brother
glass-covered canopy to the gate from which the train McMurrin has enough money?" Quickly retracing his
was to leave. steps, he walked across the station, pulled from his
The only possible way that Brother McMurrin pocket a two and sixpence, and said, "Here, Brother
could keep his appointment in Falkirk that night was McMurrin, perhaps you need this."
to get on that train. He had faith that the Lord "Thank you, Brother Robertson, I need that to get
would open the way. He did not ask anyone for a my ticket."
shilling, nor for a sixpence, nor for twopence, nor for Man's extremity is God's opportunity!
two and six. You young people in the Church will perhaps also
As the time approached, Brother Robertson said, come against a wall. Sometimes it may seem to be
"Well, Brother McMurrin, it is time for you to get your across your path: you cannot overcome it; you can-
ticket, so I will say good-bye." not get through it; you cannot see over it. But you
"Good-bye, Brother Robertson," and Brother Me- can walk to that wall, having faith that God will help
Murrin was left alone. you, and he will do so, if you will walk just as far as
"Father [I will give you Elder McMurrin's words as you can by yourself in the performance of your duty.
he gave them to me, for I was serving in the mission No matter what your duty is, or how difficult it
field at that time too]— I have come just as far as I can may be, you must do it: walk the distance and then say
in fulfilling my duty. Open up the way that I may get in all sincerity and faidi, "Father, help me. Open up
on this train and go to Falkirk," Brother McMurrin the way for me. Give me strength to do my duty."
prayed. Be assured that when you have done everything
Then he thought that perhaps the gatekeeper would possible toward completing a task, he will open the
let him go through. (I suppose that he did not con- way for you if your faith is strong enough. O
Liquor by the Drink
By Elder Gordon B. Hinckley
Of the Council of the Twelve
On November 5, Utah voters ivill go to the polls to vote for or against an alcoholic beverages
act that, if passed, would authorize sale of liquor by the drink in the state. Because this proposal has gen-
erated widespread interest, among present and former Utahns as well as members and friends of the
Church who have interest in the state, and because the Church has taken an active stand against the
proposal, the Era is printing the following talk* by Elder Gordon B. Hinckley, outlining the Church's
position in regard to liquor by the drink.
In view of the contest now going on in Utah over
the issue of liquor by the drink, and the many ques-
tions raised covering the position of the Church on
this matter, it has been felt advisable to offer an
explanation. I respond to the request to do so with
the hope that I represent the views of the General
Authorities of the Church, among whom I find con-
sensus on this important question.
First let me say that I know some of those who have
been most prominent in promoting this proposed ex-
tensive enlargement of liquor distribution. They are
able men who have accomplished much in the busi-
ness world. I think their motives in the present
situation are understandable. They have presented
their case effectively, and they have been listened
to. I respect their ability in presenting their views.
I hope they feel the same toward those who are
opposed to them on this question. I hope they under-
°Delivered over KSL Radio Sunday, June 23, 1968.
stand the motives of their opponents who have no
financial consideration behind their efforts. Their
opponents include many non-Mormons and are led
by a prominent citizen who is not a member of The
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. We
join with these honorable men and women in their
service, our only objective being the building of a
better society in Utah.
As members of the Church, our immediate concern
comes of our religious convictions. But behind those
convictions lies a great wealth of experience and
observation in many parts of the world. Behind those
convictions also lies an appreciation for the distinc-
tive atmosphere of Utah. We are not alone in expres-
sions concerning this. Many thousands of tourists
have commented on this while visiting here.
We have no desire to divide the community. We
have lived together many years as friends and asso-
ciates. We have employed and been employed by
'To have remained silent would have been inconsistent with our history
one another. We have patronized one another. We
have worked together in political campaigns. We
have operated business together. We have joined
hands in bringing to pass great civic improvements
and great civic accomplishments. For instance, the
Utah Symphony Orchestra recently toured the Pacific
Coast states. This is not a Church organization, but
the Church has given generously of its substance to
assist the orchestra. It has made Church facilities
available for its concerts. On its recent tour members
of the Church joined with non-LDS people in pro-
moting the orchestra's concerts in cities of the Pacific
Obligation of Church
This is but indicative of many efforts in which we
have joined hands. But occasionally there are times
when without bitterness or rancor we can expect
honestly and energetically to disagree. The present
instance is one of these. The Church has an obliga-
tion from which it cannot shrink in matters affecting
the morals of the people. The Church did not pro-
pose this enlargement of liquor distribution. It can-
not stand idly by while proponents of the measure go
forward with their campaign. The mission of the
Church is to preach peace and to cultivate unity, but
never at the price of compromising moral questions.
To have remained silent would have been incon-
sistent with our history and with our doctrine. Op-
position to the use of alcohol, stemming from what
we regard as revelation, is well known. We have
not sought to impose that doctrine on others. We
respect the rights of others, but we feel that those
rights have limitations, just as we expect ourselves to
be subject to limitations.
Governor Calvin L. Rampton of Utah has appro-
priately said, "... I think the Church regards this as
a moral issue and is within its right in trying to influ-
ence people toward its position. I see no difference
in the Church's stand on liquor by the drink than in
the stand of most churches in opposition to por-
As to the method of trying to persuade people to
its position, let it be said first that the Church is as
jealous as anyone in the nation over the preservation
of the democratic processes of our government. The
provisions for initiative petition written into the
state's constitution were put there by men who were,
for the most part, members of the Church. We have
likewise proclaimed the divine inspiration underlying
the writing of the Constitution of the United States.
We have studiously avoided abrogating in any way
the constitutional democratic process. The Church
has not dictated. The Church has strongly urged that
those exercising their prerogative as citizens be
thoroughly informed on the implications of any legis-
lation brought about by the direct method of initia-
tive petition. That requires a reading of the complete
and lengthy text. We commend both sides for pub-
lishing this text and urge all to read it and not be
satisfied to read only a synopsis drawn by its pro-
ponents. We are confident that a careful reading of
the text will make amply clear the reasons for the
Now, what are the moral considerations in this
measure? May I mention several by number and
treat each one briefly.
Consideration of these becomes the basis for our
joining hands with other citizens in the state-
Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish— who are opposed to
Moral, Not Political, Issue
Those familiar with this contest recognize that it
is not a political issue. It is a moral issue, with
Democrats and Republicans on each side.
Effect on Youth
1. A greatly enlarged exposure of our youth to the
acknowledged evils of alcohol. We are not so blind
as to not realize that some youth in the state evidently
and with our doctrine,
are now able to get liquor. The buying of beer by
young people has become a serious problem for police
officers. But this affects relatively few. We are
confident that thousands of our young people who
have never been exposed to public drinking would be
so exposed under this proposal. Why? you ask. Be-
cause if this were to become law, bars would be
established in public eating places all up and down
the state. These bars would be numbered in the
hundreds. While it would be illegal to sell to minors,
a driver's license showing the customer to be over
21 years of age would become prima facie evidence
of eligibility to purchase. Grocers and others now
having difficulties in determining ages in connection
with the sale of beer could give an idea of the com-
plexity of the enforcement of this provision. We have
no doubt that our young people would be much more
widely exposed to liquor drinking than they are at
the present time.
Furthermore, those who have traveled widely know
that when you sit down at a table in a restaurant in
any area where liquor is served by the drink, the first
menu customarily handed you is the list of drinks,
and the first solicitation concerns these. Our young
people have not been exposed to this as they have
eaten in restaurants in Utah. We are confident, and
the statistics we have examined provide background
for this confidence, that enactment of this bill into
law would greatly add to the exposure of our youth.
You ask, do you expect to shield them always? What
about when they go in the army or travel? We reply
that this will be soon enough, that by then they will
have matured enough in character and developed
sufficient self-discipline to handle such situations.
2. We have no doubt that the enactment of this
proposal would eventually lead to increased consump-
tion. This may not be immediate, but we are con-
vinced that it would come. You cannot multiply
the outlets and offer assurance of a profit on every
drink sold without expecting increased promotion,
subtle or otherwise, and consequent increased
Traffic, Crime Problems
3. We are confident that increased consumption
will bring with it an increase of the train of evils
associated with drinking. No one these days seriously
argues the dangers of alcohol on the highways. Among
the most alarming statistics in America are those
concerned with the deaths of more than 50,000 people
a year in automobile accidents. Safety critics are
united in their judgment that at least 50 percent of
these are the result of drinking.
Now we do not believe for a minute that every-
one who drinks is going to become a menace on the
highway. But we are convinced that if you increase
the overall consumption of alcohol, there will be an
increase in the number of those who cannot handle it,
with consequent increases in traffic problems. The
same holds with crime generally. With recognition
of the fact that 70 percent of serious crime in some
areas is associated with alcohol, can we afford to do
anything that might increase the crime rate?
The same holds true with reference to other social
problems— alcoholism, broken homes, employment
difficulties, neglected families.
Those who propose this measure indicate that we
already have large numbers of these problems. We
acknowledge this fact and deplore it earnestly, but
hasten to point out that the way to improve it is not
by enlarging one of the conditions which caused it.
The Church is not without experience in dealing
with social problems. With a worldwide member-
ship, it knows something of the tragedies that result
from broken homes, crime sprees, automobile fatali-
ties, breadwinners who cannot qualify for employ-
ment, and the host of other evils that afflict our society
and that are aggravated by alcohol.
4. We are concerned with an associated matter,
also moral in its implications. That is, that enact-
It is morally wrong to benefit the few at the expense of the many.
ment of this proposed bill would benefit most a rela-
tively few who would be given licenses, and would
add burdens of enforcement and care 'of social
problems on the many. Our police forces already are
overburdened, and we are convinced that these bur-
dens would increase substantially with a marked
increase in the number of liquor outlets and an eas-
ing of liquor procurement.
Little, If Any, Added Revenue
Much has been spoken of the generating of added
revenues to cover this enforcement. Those who have
examined the bill closely recognize that, in effect, the
net revenue gained would be extremely small, if any.
Experience of other states, among which we might
name California, indicates that for every dollar of
liquor-generated tax revenues, there are at least three
to five dollars of liquor-caused public expense. It is
morally wrong to benefit the few at the expense of
Image of State
5. Finally, we think the majority of the people who
live in Utah like what they have here. We are proud
of the great heritage that has come from dedicated
and industrious forebears who laid the foundations of
the good things we enjoy here. We recognize the need
for more industry and increased payrolls. We can-
not agree that liquor by the drink is the panacea for
our economic ills. We know that some industries
have come here because of the sobriety of our people.
We are likewise interested in tourism. We have had
vast experience with this. One million eight hundred
thousand people visited Temple Square last year. They
came from every state in the union. They came from
many foreign lands. They did not come because of al-
cohol or its absence. This was not a consideration in
their visits. They came to see and enjoy things that
have been seen and enjoyed by millions before them
who have gone back with enthusiastic stories of that
which they experienced in this area.
We agree wholeheartedly on the desirability of
bringing increased industry and tourist travel to Utah.
But we see no reason to tarnish the image of this great
state in doing this. The preservation of a remarkable
heritage and the enlargement of that heritage for
those who follow are with us moral considerations.
Our desire is to enlarge that spirit and not to detract
from it and thereby take from this area that unique
flavor and atmosphere so often commented upon ap-
preciably by thousands upon thousands of those who
come to visit us from many parts of the world.
Nor is such comment limited to tourists. Thousands
of residents, non-Mormon in religious persuasion,
appreciate the unique qualities of living and rearing
families in Utah.
These are but a few of the many considerations, all
of them moral in their implications, underlying our
determined opposition to this measure. We stand
united behind the President of the Church, a man
ripe in years, mature in judgment, inspired in fore-
sight, who has said, "I urge members of the Church
throughout the state, and all citizens interested in
safeguarding youth and avoiding the train of evils
associated with alcohol, to take a stand against the
proposal for liquor by the drink."
We hope that we can honestly differ with our
friends who are promoting this enlargement of liquor
availability. We hope we can do so without animosity
or bitterness. Our disagreements are honest. Our
convictions are firm. Their roots are anchored in
our religion. But their branches stand in the sunlight
of fact. We join others not of our faith in the belief
that there is a better way to correct recognized prob-
lems than through the all-or-nothing method now
We invite our fellow citizens of both sides to join
with us in this effort to build our beloved Utah, and
for this I pray in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen.
And They Will Find Him There
By M. Taylor Abegg
M. Taylor Abegg, president of the Albuquerque
(New Mexico) Stake, is supervisor of explosives
research at the Sandia Laboratory for the
Atomic Energy Commission, and is the father
of eight children.
• Much has been spoken and
written about reverence and how
to improve it. Indeed, the quality
of any meeting is determined in
large measure by the quality of
the reverence displayed. Non-
member visitors who attend
meetings of the Church some-
times seem shocked at what they
regard as irreverence.
We tend to rationalize this
irreverence as a natural outgrowth
of the gregarious Mormon spirit,
and our back-slapping, some-
times noisy greetings as typical
interactions acceptable under
the circumstances. Even the
unusually high noise level in
many of our meetings has in
large measure been taken for
granted as the price we pay for
bringing our children to church.
Perhaps the time has come to
question the validity of such
The need for reverence in our
services has been so amply at-
tested over the years that no
additional justification need be
attempted here. Suffice it to say
that worship and reverence are
so interwoven, they are insepa-
rable. One without the other is
meaningless, as sight without
light or music without sound. It
follows logically that the ab-
sence of reverence in our meet-
ings seriously limits the basic ob-
jectives involved, and members
of the Church may be deprived
of strength and spiritual growth
otherwise available to them.
The usual tack for the improve-
ment of reverence in our services
is to improve the setting. This
involves maintaining order on
the stand, encouraging mothers
to use the cry room (without
offense, if possible), using greet-
ers who by their manner exempli-
fy reverence, getting better
speakers, selecting appropriate
prelude and postlude music, and
a wise selection of hymns. All
of these are worthy and worth-
while endeavors, and significant
improvements can result if they
are properly administered.
Ultimately, however, worship
and reverence are personal at-
tributes; in a very real sense they
are a measure of the state of
mind of the individual. Does it
not, therefore, seem appropriate
to inquire into those forces and
influences that adversely as well
as favorably affect one's state of
mind while attending service?
Apparently there are those who
believe that the mere process of
passing through the chapel en-
trance is sufficient to settle, for
example, a distraught and fet-
tered mind. Not so. While a
calming influence certainly
awaits within, resentment, anger,
and contention are not so easily
or quickly dispelled. Silence may
be an outward manifestation of
reverence, and at times it may be
a necessary condition for it, but
in no sense can it be considered
sufficient if members of the
audience are sitting in silent
What, then, are those condi-
tions that most directly affect
one's state of mind and therefore
his ability to worship in a given
meeting? It might be well to re-
call that it is possible to experi-
ence a lovely, peaceful Sabbath
spirit, only to have this tran-
quility totally disrupted at the
last minute during the getting-
How many times, for example,
have children heard a frightful
shout from one of the parents
that it's almost time for sacra-
ment meeting, and they will all
have to hurry to get there on
time? This type of announce-
ment all too frequently pro-
duces adverse results. For the
youngsters playing, this means
they must quickly abandon their
friends, their playthings, and
their fun, and it's only natural for
them to regard this as an intru-
sion into their private domains.
For teen-age girls, who normally
require hours to prepare them-
selves, this is regarded as an
overt threat against their social
acceptability; and for boys of
comparable age, a negative re-
sponse is the rule, not the excep-
Following this, confusion
usually takes over in earnest,
with interactions becoming in-
creasingly abrasive and disrup-
tive. Invariably little brother
cannot find a shoe. An urgent
plea for someone to assist is
greeted with dead silence until
a specific request is issued to a
specific older brother or sister,
who then finds it quite proper to
inquire why all little brothers
have to be so stupid, or why all
little sisters can never learn to
dress themselves. With time
drawing shorter, the situation be-
comes critical; and mother con-
fronts her young son with the
familiar question, "Why do you
always get dressed before you
get washed?" and then sends
him back to start ail over.
With time running out, a state
of absolute emergency now
exists, with parents and children
rushing from one room to an-
other and youngsters nearly in
tears from confusion and frustra-
tion. Control at this point can be
"If we would improve our reverence, we should
focus on the hour preceding the meeting...."
maintained only by sheer force
and volume. With only moments
to go, the father, standing at the
door, trumpets his final warning,
"I'm leaving!" A final desperate
surge carries the family through
the door, shoes in hand, hair
half-combed, and attire generally
askew. They pile into the family
conveyance, each mumbling his
own brand of displeasure, resent-
ment, and discontent, and head
for the meeting, arriving phys-
ically out of breath and men-
tally out of sorts. One by one
they file into the chapel to
worship our Lord and Savior,
Is true worship possible under
such conditions? If not, neither is
true reverence. A mind set awhirl
by contention, anger, and confu-
sion is not likely to be receptive
or responsive to the Holy Spirit.
Adults may be able to sit quietly
under such circumstances, giving
at least an outward appearance
of reverence. Youngsters have
a more difficult time of it. Their
squirming, fidgeting, whining,
and need for frequent trips to
the rest room may be outward
signs of inner turmoil, giving rise
to the oft-heard remark that
youngsters just can't weather a
This may or may not be true,
depending on their state of
mind, and the same argument
applies equally to adults who by
virtue of their maturity are able
to conceal irreverence better.
Recently a ward fast and testi-
mony meeting, attended by both
adults and youngsters, lasted
over five hours, with scarcely a
peep from anyone. How can this
be? In this instance it was simply
a matter of adults and young-
sters alike being in tune with the
spirit of the meeting.
All of this suggests that if we
would improve the quality of
reverence in our meetings, we
should focus our efforts on the
hour preceding the meeting in
order to establish a proper frame
of mind. Think, if you will, of a
parent with a smile on his face
and love in his voice quietly tell-
ing a youngster that the family is
now getting ready for sacrament
meeting, offering at the same
time a pat of assurance and a
Visualize, if you will, a mother
getting ready with a song in her
heart and on her lips, which
carries a spirit of peace and love
throughout the home. Visualize
teenagers ready in plenty of
time, vying for the chance to
assist with the baby, and help-
ing younger brothers and sisters
in love and affection.
Consider, if you will, a father
calling his family together in
prayer, invoking the blessings of
the Lord upon his family as they
prepare to leave for meeting.
Consider, if you will, a young
lad whose heart may be touched
for the first time with the knowl-
edge that God is real.
This family will reach the
chapel in a relaxed and peaceful
state, with their minds and
hearts preconditioned in favor of
things spiritual. They will file one
by one into the chapel to wor-
ship our Lord and Savior, Jesus
Christ— and they will find him
Drawing of horizontal "angel" weather vane
that was placed atop the Nauvoo Temple
uvoo Temple Restoration
By Jay M. Todd
• A partial restoration of the Nauvoo Temple, to be
built on the original Illinois temple site, is projected
by the Nauvoo Restoration, Incorporated ( NRI ) . The
original temple, built about 122 years ago, was
located at Nauvoo, Illinois, where the Church was
headquartered from 1839-1846 on a large bend of the
Mississippi River. NRI is a non-profit corporation
sponsored by the Church for the development of part
of the old city of Nauvoo. Dr. J. LeRoy Kimball
serves as president and chairman of the board by
appointment of the First Presidency.
The temple was famed during the 1840's as "un-
questionably one of the finest buildings in this
country." It was the second temple built by the
Church, preceded only by the Kirtland Temple, built
during the Ohio period (1831-1837) of Church his-
tory. The Illinois temple was the first temple used
for sacred ordinance work, including baptism for the
dead, endowments, sealings, and marriages. Its de-
sign, its purpose, and the work performed therein bore
the distinct stamp of revelation given to the Prophet
Joseph Smith before his martyrdom in 1844. The
temple itself was destroyed by fire in 1848, two years
and a half after the Saints had begun their trek across
The purpose of the restoration is to create a center
where the story of the Church can be told to the
millions of tourists and nearby residents who travel
through the Midwest. Over 100,000 Latter-day Saints
reside in the Mississippi Valley region. It is esti-
mated that by 1974 nearly half a million visitors yearly
will visit the Nauvoo center,
Construction on the partial restoration of the Nau-
voo Temple is expected to begin in 1970. A two-year
construction period is anticipated. Preceding the
restoration there will be an exhaustive program
of archaeological and historical research, which will
near completion the latter part of 1969. The
archaeological work has already unearthed numerous
artifacts, including portions of the wall that sur-
rounded the original temple plot, part of the bricked
basement floor, segments of the stone oxen statuary
that sustained the baptismal font, workmen's tools,
and many other related items.
These artifacts (glass, nails, cornices, stonework,
bolts, iron hinges, chisels and tools, among other
things) demonstrate the remarkable workmanship
of early Latter-dav Saint workmen, many of whom
were converts from Europe who had begun streaming
into Nauvoo by the early 1840's. The artifacts will be
displayed in a museum and visitors' center to be
located on the temple block. The information center
will feature numerous displays, artwork, and rooms
for the presentation of films designed to tell the
Near the information center and inside the walled
temple grounds will be appropriate statuary of the
two martyrs, the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother
Hyrum, and of Brigham Young, president of the
Council of the Twelve and successor to the Prophet
Joseph Smith as head of the Church. Other statuary
will represent scenes of the Nauvoo period. The
temple block itself will be beautifully landscaped.
The main exhibit, however, will be the restored
portion of the Nauvoo Temple. The temple's foot-
ings and floor will be built over the exact spot where
once stood the original temple, and will follow the
exact measurements of the original building. Indeed,
some of the original stonework, including some of the
original footings, will be used in the reconstruction.
The brick basement floor will also contain some of
the original basement bricks. Portions of the legs of
the original 12 oxen that surrounded the font will
be used in the font restoration. Nearby will be the
temple well, which provided water for the font.
The front facade of the temple is to be rebuilt to
the original height of the upper pediment, so that
tourists may ascend the stairway and obtain a glimpse
of the view that so enchanted early-day Nauvoo
The view, noted as "magnificent" and "beyond
description," was described by one visitor, J. H. Buck-
ingham: "The whole valley of the Mississippi for
miles and miles lay exposed to view on the north
and south, where the prairie lands of Illinois, and
Iowa, and Missouri, were to be seen to the east
and west, overlooking the few hills lying near to the
shore in the latter state, and showing the tortuous
course of the Des Moines River for some distance."
The temple was more than an edifice built for a
view, however. To the Latter-day Saints of the
period, it represented both a memorial to the man
who communed with heaven and a building whose
design had been presented to the Prophet in vision.
In response to the chief draftman's objection to the
oval windows in the plans, the Prophet had replied:
"I wish you to carry out my designs. I have seen in
vision the splendid appearance of that building
illuminated, and will have it built according to the
pattern shown me."
Although he was martyred before its completion
and dedication in 1846, Joseph Smith directed the
Nauvoo Temple's entire form and purpose. As early
as August 31, 1840, the First Presidency had sent an
address to the "Saints scattered abroad" noting that
"the time has now come, when it is necessary to
erect a house of prayer, a house of order, a house for
worship of our God, where the ordinances can be
attended to agreeably to His Divine Will, in this region
of the country— to accomplish which, considerable
exertion must be made, and means will be required—
and as the work must be hastened in righteousness,
it behooves the Saints to weigh the importance of
Indeed, from that time onward, nothing took such
prominent position in the minds and exertions of those
in and around Nauvoo as the building of the temple.
To many visitors— and Saints— it seemed that the
Prophet had only one overriding drive: the Nauvoo
Temple. On January 19, 1841, the Lord promised the
Prophet through revelation that "I will show unto my
servant Joseph all things pertaining to this house, and
the priesthood thereof, and the place whereon it
shall be built.
"And ye shall build it on the place where you have
contemplated building it, for that is the spot which
I have chosen for you to build it." (D&C 124:42-43.)
The spot was the top of a prominent knoll in Nati-
voo overlooking the majestic sweep of the Mississippi
River less than a mile away. Two and a half months
later, at the April 1841 general conference, the corner-
stones of the temple were laid. Then the work began.
Large companies of Saints were sent into Wisconsin's
forest for lumber, and qnarriers took their tools to
quarries in Nauvoo.
By November 8, 1841, a temporary wooden font
had been dedicated in the basement of the temple.
Constructed of pine, it was oval-shaped and rested on
the backs of 12 oxen, which had been carved from
pine planks and glued together. About 30 feet east
of the font was the well that supplied the baptismal
water. On November 21, 1841, the first baptisms for
the dead were performed in the temple. The ordi-
nance had been instituted as early as September 1840,
when several persons were baptized in the Mississippi
River in behalf of their dead ancestors.
The temple endowment also was first performed
outside a temple, primarily as a result of the Prophet
sensing his impending future: "There is something
going to happen; I don't know what it is, but the
Lord bids me to hasten and give you your endowment
before the temple is finished." This was recorded by
Elder Orson Hyde of the Council of the Twelve. The
endowment took place in the Prophet's office on the
upper floor in his new store near the Mississippi
River, on May 4, 1842. The so-called "prayer meet-
ings" continued to be held in the assembly room over
the Prophet's store throughout 1842-44. The first
known sealing of marriages was performed April 5,
1841, a year previous.
But the proper location for such ordinances was in
the house of prayer, and nearly all of the Prophet's
efforts were turned to the realization of that
goal. By May 21, 1843, Sabbath services were held
on planks within the temple, and that autumn the
October general conference convened within the
rising tiers of stonework. In the spring of 1844 a
"penny fund" was sponsored by the women of the
Church to purchase glass and nails. The British
Saints saved extra coins and in time sent a donation to
be used in the casting of a large bell for the tower.
All Saints were encouraged time and again to in-
crease their contributions, and those living near Nau-
voo were to donate every tenth day to temple
labor. "Ward captains" kept an account of every
man's contributions. Some men were called on
"temple missions" to labor full time. Their board was
provided by local members, and their clothes were
washed and mended by sisters participating in the
project. The Prophet spent many days overseeing the
work, joining stonemasons at the quarry, and lending
an eager hand. His hands, however, were often full
with matters surrounding the temple's design and
finances. He often had to clear up bickering, mis-
understandings, and erroneous notions, redirect
efforts, and buoy up enthusiasm. His influence is
particularly noticeable in several of the remaining
draftsman's drawings pertaining to the temple.
One drawing appeared on the Gustavus Hill's "Map
of the City of Nauvoo" in mid-1842. It shows a square
stone tower, a triangular front pediment, and moon-
stones across the bottom, among other things. The
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"HE TEMPLE. HAUVQ0; ■ ■" H A '
First known drawing of the Nauvoo Temple
Second temple drawing shows changes made.
drawing is by William Weeks, draftsman for the
Prophet. A later drawing shows changes apparently
made by the Prophet in another of Week's drawings.
This drawing shows the change from a square to an
octagonal tower of half stone and half wood. The
triangular front pediment still remains, and there are
no star stones yet
A third drawing by Weeks shows a rectangular
pediment, with half-circle windows, an all-wood
tower, and five-pointed star stones. The completed
temple noted several changes even in these few factors
under discussion: the upper pediment windows were
square, not half-circle; the tower window shutters
were altered in design; and there were numerous other
minor changes. These drawings by Weeks show the
progressive development of the architecture of the
temple to its final form, and have changes probably
suggested by the Prophet himself. Also among Week's
papers is a drawing of the prone angel that later
adorned the tower. In one hand was a book, probably
representing the Book of Mormon, and in the other
a trumpet to herald the news of the restoration.
By the year 1844 the temple construction neared
its top tiers.
That year also saw the death of the Prophet
Joseph Smith. As a result, all things in and around
Nauvoo seemed to hang in suspension after the June
27 martyrdom. But on July 8, 1844, it was resolved
to stop construction on all other public buildings and
concentrate on the temple. Work moved forward
rapidly under the leadership of Brigham Young, who
had said, "I would rather pay out every cent to build
up this place and receive an endowment, even were I
driven the next minute without anything to take
With this spirit— and the ever-increasing awareness
that the Saints would soon be leaving Nauvoo— efforts
redoubled. The Saints intended to complete the
temple in order to receive their endowments, and then
to leave the building as a witness of their faithfulness
and as a memorial to the Prophet Joseph Smith. Hence,
the next year saw the completion of the temple. The
wooden baptismal font was replaced with a stone
font. The capstone was laid May 24, 1845, and the
stone masons rested from their labors. The interior,
though not completed in the total elegance of today's
temples, was plastered, carpeted, and curtained, and
pictures were hung. All rooms may not have been
in an equal state of completion, but the temple was
essentially finished at the dedication on April 30 and
May 1, 1846. Before then some of the attic rooms
had already been dedicated, and from December 10,
1845, to February 7, 1846, some 5,595 persons received
their endowments, and some their sealings and
A touching incident indicates the heartfelt desire
< ..M i Mll~.iVi tut,,, ;■"" *'" ■' .k_ i ^ = a' *- ." "" — r? — Amu J il*T
Third temple drawing shows the change to rectangular pediment.
Artist's rendering of how the completed temple looked.
of the Saints for the temple blessings. On February 3
President Young met with leaders to plan the exodus
from Nauvoo as well as from the persecutors who had
burned well over one hundred homes of Saints residing
outside Nauvoo and who continued to harass and
threaten the Saints with destruction. The President
spoke to the many Saints who had gathered, saying
that the Church had been abundantly blessed for
having built the temple, that other duties awaited
them, and that he was going to set the example and
be the first to leave and begin to load his wagons.
Then he put on his overcoat and hat and left the
building. After a short walk he looked back and saw
that no one was following him. He immediately
sensed the hunger of the Saints for spiritual bless-
ings, and -he returned to the waiting throng and
organized the work for endowments to be given to
295 persons that day. Preceding this and during the
long winter months, President Young and numerous
other officiators had almost lived in the temple, staying
for days on end, eating food sent to them and sleep-
ing on available cots, as they tirelessly gave the Saints
After the Saints' departure in 1846, ruffians moved
into Nauvoo, plundering and bullying their way
against the weak opposition of the small band who
had remained. The temple, whose west end bore the
inscription "The House of the Lord . . . Ploliness to
the Lord," was soon the quarters for the mob militia
that had taken the town. In time, however, the
Latter-day Saints left in charge of the temple again
acquired custodianship of the building.
On October 9, 1848, three men reportedly set fire to
the temple. Accounts of the arsonists' labors made
front-page news throughout the nation. The charred
stones and remaining walls were blown down by a
tornado in 1850, the temple site seemingly cleansed of
the ravages perpetrated on it by the "mobocrats."
But the spirit of Elijah that had taken deep root
among the Saints could not be dimmed. Within four
days of their arrival in Salt Lake City in 1847, Brig-,
ham Young pointed to a spot and said, "Here we will
build the temple of our God." Within 30 years, three
other temples were also underway. The Prophet
Joseph's early ordinance work had flowered into a
concern that would never die. Indeed, the spirit of
temple work has been described by prophets of many
ages to be one of the all-consuming interests of the
Lord's people in the latter days and during the
This remarkable temple story and the truths asso-
ciated with it are some of the reasons for the desire
to return and restore a portion of the Nauvoo Temple
on the slopes of the Mississippi.
Certainly, such a message is worthy of a fitting
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By Dr. Lowell L. Bennion
Dr. Lowell L. Bennion, associate dean of students at the
University of Utah and a member of the planning committee
of the Church's Youth Correlation Committee, has long been
concerned with the drug problem as it affects students.
• Our time has been called the age of the pill, Men
have turned to drugs in every known age, but not
on the scale they do today. Drug use plays a sig-
nificant part in medical practice. It serves as the
basis of big business. It is the individual's hope
against pain and anguish. Young people in increasing
numbers turn to drugs to satisfy their curiosity, to
escape from a reality that is unpleasant or threatening,
or in search of euphoria and nirvana.
It is the purpose of this article to examine drug use
and abuse, to explore the values and dangers involved
in taking drugs, to understand why people turn to
them, and to examine the results of such action. Since
the author is neither a pharmacologist nor a medical
doctor, this article will not deal with the technical-
medical aspects of the subject but rather with the
personal and social dimensions of the problem.
Drugs as substances used "in the diagnosis, cure,
mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in man
and animals" certainly have a legitimate place. How
grateful man is for the Salk vaccine against polio,
for a tetanus shot that prevents lockjaw, for pain-
killing drugs that relieve some of the agony asso-
ciated with cancer. Anyone who possesses a historical
perspective or who has lived long upon the land can
hardly be against all drug use. Drugs play a con-
structive role whenever they serve a lifesaving or a
life-building function. Many of us are alive today
only because of them.
Our concern is not with drug use but with drug
abuse. By the latter is meant the unintelligent,
inappropriate, or excessive use of a drug, which leads
to the destruction of physical or mental health, the
impairment of productive, creative living, the destruc-
tion of human relations and of life itself.
Drugs are not good or bad in and of themselves,
but they become either one or the other as they build
or destroy persons, as they promote or impede life.
Opium, for instance, in its various derivatives, serves a
useful purpose in the hands of a knowledgeable and
conscientious physician, but it becomes an agonizing
substance in the life of an addict. Some drugs, such as
the antibiotics, have positive functions; others, such
as tobacco, have minimal value and considerable ill
effects. Each drug must be judged on its own merit
as it is used under given circumstances by particular
Drug abuse can take many forms. Any self-
administered drug (one that has not been prescribed
by a physician) is likely to lead to abuse, because it
is usually taken in defiance, ignorance, or with a bias.
Drugs are chemicals that affect the physiology of the
body and the functioning of the mind. Without
knowledge of biochemistry and mental process, it is
hazardous to use drugs. Even the physician who
prescribes drugs for himself runs the risk of being
influenced by personal desire rather than by objective
need. Persons in the medical profession who some-
times begin treating themselves can become involved
in drug abuse as much as any other segment of the
Some forms of drug abuse have been with us for
many centuries, but their serious and harmful effects
have been scientifically verified only in recent years.
Tobacco is now known to be a major contributing
cause of cancer of the lung, throat, and larnyx.
Emphysema and circulatory diseases are also its by-
products. The destructive effect of alcohol on man's
liver, brain, circulatory system, perception of space,
and impulses— to say nothing of its consequences in
his human relations— is no longer contested.
In recent years other mind-altering drugs have been
introduced or reintroduced, especially to the youth
of the world, and in some circles they are competing
with alcohol and tobacco for popularity. Among these
are marijuana, LSD, methedrine ("speed"), and some
70 other substances that have either a stimulating or
depressing effect or both. More such drugs are cer-
tain to be discovered or manufactured in the future.
These drugs have a mixed reputation. Some users
of the new and newly used mind-expanding drugs feel
they offer new dimensions of self-understanding and
provide the basis for nonpossessive love among per-
sons; others, particularly some psychiatrists who have
treated drug-using patients, find them particularly
destructive to health and life. This writer knows of
no one, including confessed users, who do not admit
the dangers involved in LSD and "speed" use. Timothy
Leary, a most renowned and notorious advocate of
drug use, said in our hearing that only one in 10,000
persons should take LSD. Even if this were true,
there is no way to determine in advance of usage who
that one person might be.
Marijuana has become the most popular and con-
troversial "new" drug in use. It is too early to know
on the basis of scientific study what its effects are. It
is well-known that marijuana alters one's sense percep-
tion, so that hours after taking the drug, when one
feels quite normal again, he may be a hazard to
himself and others if he drives. Some users and
professionals claim that it is injurious to body and
mind, and recommend complete abstinence until the
facts are more fully ascertained; others argue that it is
no more harmful than tobacco or alcohol. If the
latter position were true, it is like saying, "Why worry
about a broken left pelvis? It is no worse than a
broken right pelvis."
To this writer, of even greater interest than the
physiological and medical aspects of drug use are
their personal and social implications. Why do people
turn to drugs, and how does drug use and abuse
affect their lives? This seems to be the crucial ques-
tion. The subject is complex, and only some of the
reasons can be indicated.
( 1 ) Drug abuse is encouraged by socially irrespon-
sible persons concerned only with their own economic
gain. Tobacco and alcoholic beverage manufacturers
spend millions and use every device known in adver-
tising to make tobacco and alcohol enticing and
appealing to people. They subtly associate these
drugs with beauty, romance, recreation, manliness,
femininity, prosperity, and a carefree existence. Never
do they give an honest report of the evils or hazards
of their trade. They fulfill the prophetic observation
in the Word of Wisdom given in 1833, wherein the
". . . In consequence of evils and designs which do
and will exist in the hearts of conspiring men in the
last days, I have warned you and forewarn you, by
giving unto you this word of wisdom by revelation."
(D&C89:4. Italics added. )
The use of LSD, "speed," and marijuana is also
greatly encouraged by those who make a profit from
selling and pushing these products. Since these drugs
are illegal in the United States, they are manufactured
and/or imported with all the intrigue and misrepre-
sentation involved in criminal transactions.
(2) A second reason young people turn to drug use
is because adults whom they admire and aspire to
emulate— parents, entertainers, athletes, the well-to-
do— serve as models for them. Nearly every youth is
dissatisfied with being young, and he looks to adult-
hood as the greener pasture.
(3) A third reason for drug abuse is peer pressure.
Smoking of tobacco and marijuana, drinking of alcohol,
and taking of "speed" and LSD are learned behaviors
greatly encouraged by group participation. Many an
immature and unreflective youth who has not learned
to respect his own individuality and who has not
clearly defined for himself his own values is afraid not
to be a conformist. He cherishes acceptance by the
group through conformity more than he cherishes the
strength of his own integrity.
(4) Many students of human behavior are coming
to see that drug abuse is symptomatic of deeper,
underlying aspects of human life. Drugs are not taken
for their own sake, but to fulfill other needs. Manv
adults, bored with the trivia of their work and the
shallowness of their lives— living without significant
goals or creative interests— come home to fill their
emptiness with alcohol.
Young people often turn to mind-expanding drugs,
hoping thereby to escape from school failure and
boredom, from loneliness, from the fear of being
drafted into military service and war, from the mean-
ingless competitive chase after success. Not finding
joy and peace within their own minds and hearts, they
turn to chemical agents to bring about a change.
Drug use by some young people is also a con-
scious or unconscious symbol of rebellion against
parents, school authorities, the church, and any
establishment that they can rightfully or fallaciously
blame for their own unhappy predicament. This is
particularly true among some Latter-day Saint youth
who, when angry and hostile, can easily and often
unconsciously hurt their parents by going against
obvious standards. This can take extreme forms and
be in marked excess.
Youth has always been adventurous and daring,
curious, exploring, and willing to take risks that their
elders have long since given up. In this age of com-
plexity and conformity, of prolonged preparation and
dependency, when many immediate doors of explora-
tion seem to be closed to youth, it is difficult to be
adventurous in constructive roles. Pioneering in the
desert, homesteading, and beginning business on a
shoestring are not as available as they once were. War
has lost all of its glamour for most young men. Fail-
ing to experience life as the exciting, creative venture
it can be, some young people turn to drugs for kicks.
In short, young people turn to drugs for many rea-
sons and because of numerous pressures of which they
are scarcely aware.
As stated earlier, drugs have a legitimate place in
human life, and in the hands of competent physicians
of sound judgment they are a blessing to mankind.
But when they are taken without medical direction
and for reasons other than medical need, they become
both dangerous to, and destructive of life. For this
reason it is wisdom to leave them alone. Had LSD,
marijuana, and "speed" been known in 1833, when
the Word of Wisdom was given, well might the Lord
have said of each as he did about alcoholic beverages
and tobacco: ". . . behold it is not good."
This writer's advice to young people is to leave
the drugs mentioned above entirely alone, because in
my observation they are destructive of health and
happiness. And may I say parenthetically that in
this judgment on drugs, I am not condemning my
fellowmen who are using them. I count among my
close friends persons who are heavy smokers and per-
sistent drinkers. I admire and love these people. I
respect them but reject their folly. At this moment an
esteemed colleague of great knowledge and integrity
is dying of lung cancer, which undoubtedly was en-
couraged by his chain smoking for 40 years. Another
esteemed colleague's days are numbered because of
Photos by Eldon Linscnoren
emphysema that is due to the same cause.
I have talked with a number of young people who
have used marijuana, LSD, and "speed," some of whom
think it is a way to find heaven on earth. Never have
I seen any illustrations of creative work come from
their experiments. Some end in failure at school,
others in financial difficulties due to their not meet-
ing their responsibilities, and some live in a dream
world quite unrelated to the realities around us.
Some continue to function reasonably well because of
their superior endowment.
One of the most regrettable aspects of drug use is
that it is a way for many to run away from problems
rather than to confront and solve them with courage
and intelligence. Unresolved problems compound
themselves and show up again in larger and often
uglier forms. Youth is an age in which to grow and
mature by encountering and resolving issues.
Drug use, except under necessity and for health
reasons, seems to me to be a denial of the dignity of
human nature as created by God and nature. It
smacks of the doctrine of original sin, suggesting that
man by nature is depraved and needs the saving grace
of chemicals to help him lead a meaningful and joyful
I am just one human being among billions with no
talent to paint, compose, or sing, but God has given
me hands with which to write a paragraph, greet a
friend, hold a wife or daughter, plant a tree, and pick
a peach. He has given me eyes with which to behold
majestic mountains under the glow of a setting sun,
the beauty of green fields reaching to the forest edge,
and the delicate color and form of a rose. I have ears
to hear birds sing, a Beethoven symphony, the voice
of a friend. I have a mind rich in memory, with some
power of imagination, and the capacity to see and
create some order in the world about me. I have
a heart to feel sympathy, compassion, and even sor-
row as well as joy for the world around me.
I trust my own capacity to live life deeply and fully
with the resources God has given me more than I
trust chemicals whose dangers I have seen and whose
values I have not found.
Those who encourage the use of harmful and illegal
drugs for monetary or other selfish reasons are the
real culprits. Those who push or sell LSD, marijuana,
"speed," and similar drugs should be taken to task,
convicted, and made to pay the penalty of the
violation of law. Laws should, in my judgment, be
passed to forbid the advertising of tobacco and alco-
holic beverages. It is inconsistent and nonsensical to
advise young people to abstain from harmful drugs on
the one hand and then permit irresponsible citizens
to entice them by deceptive advertising on the other.
The drug user merits neither our judgment nor
condemnation. "He that is without sin, let him cast
the first stone." The task that faces us today is to help
young people fill their lives with creative, life-satisfy-
ing, and building experiences that will diminish the
frustration, the failure, the fears, and the emptiness
that cause them to turn to drugs for meaning and
excitement. . O
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BRUCE R. McCONKIE
READERS PRAISE MORMON DOCTRINE
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• BOOKCRAFT 1186 South Main / Salt Lake City, Utah 84101 1068 •
I Please send me MORMON DOCTRINE for which I enclose check or money order J
• in the amount Of $6.95. (Residents of Utah add m% sales tax) •
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IE AT NEW FALL
1.THE POWER OF BELIEVING
by Sterling W. Sill
Elder Sill dramatically
points out man's need
to believe in many
things to be happy,
stable and without
conflict, and in so
doing reveals the
secrets of obtaining
a strong basic faith.
2. MEANINGFUL LIVING
by Paul H. Dunn
The formula for suc-
cessful modern living
is shown in this down-
to-earth analysis of
the Sermon on the
3. GOD, MAN AND THE
by Hyrum L. Andrus
The secrets of the uni-
verse as revealed to
the Prophet Joseph
Smith, Jr. are set forth
in this fascinating
book, which contains
every known statement
7RoMt- ANO,u ' B made by the Prophet
on this topic.
4. BOOK OF MORMON
by Sidney B. Sperry
This best of all avail-
able reference books
on the Book of Mor-
mon answers all your
new information on
the Hill Cumorah.
5. MISSION FOR MOTHER:
GUIDING THE CHILD
by G. Hugh Allred
Here is a book written
for the prime purpose
of assisting Mother in
the challenging task of
training and disciplin-
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help develop desirable
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6. VITAL QUOTATIONS
by Emerson West
More than 2600 im-
reflecting ideas in
religion, politics, edu-
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living. Each quotation
is complete with a
brief biography on the
author. Indexed and
7. INDEX TO "COMPREHEN-
SIVE HISTORY OF
This new, expanded
index is absolutely
essential if you are to
get the maximum from
History of the Church."
Covers all six volumes.
8. MISSIONARY YOURS
A beautifully boxed
illustrated with 18
cartoons of mission-
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est quality writing
paper and envelopes.
9. ON GETTING THINGS
by Ray L. White
A "how-to" book for
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FUN FOR LIFE
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This perfect aid for
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keep in good physical
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proper exercise tech-
11. FROM THE DUST
by Keith Terry &
A timely study of the
Pearl of Great Price,
complete with pictures
of the papyri recently
acquired bythe Church.
Scholarly in its com-
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12. THE WAY TO HAPPINESS
by Rulon S. Howells
A successful mission-
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presents the truths
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13. FOUR FAITH
from "The Faith
14. SACRED OR SECRET?
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Contains rich, faith-
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" ves $2.50
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16. THE TEN MOST
by Richard L. Evans
Volume three in a
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from Temple Square.
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men's writings Elder
Evans covers a variety
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THE TEN MOST
by Paul H. Dunn
An instructive look at
the ten most desirable
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17. LIFE EVERLASTING
by Duane S. Crowther
4 0e "
New insight and infor-
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1186 South Main / Salt Lake City, Utah 84101
Please send the following circled book(s) for which I enclose
check or money order in the amount of $
Residents of Utah add 3H% sales tax.
12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
CITY, STATE, ZIP
Garden Room on
second floor has
door leading to
Beehive, Lion Houses.
By Eleanor Knowles
Front parlor of Lion
House, where YWM/A
features portrait of
President Brigham Young.
In Children's Room,
youngsters can learn
about pioneer heritage.
Graceful new stairway
was installed to
traffic in home. In background
is Children's Room.
• The warmth, charm, and spirit of the Church's
pioneer period have been recaptured in the Lion
House, which was reopened in September following
a four-year remodeling period. One of Salt Lake
City's most famous landmarks and home of President
Brigham Young, the Lion House was built in 1855-56
and is now administered by the Young Women's Mu-
tual Improvement Association as a social center.
Inside and out the house has undergone extensive
remodeling, but the original architecture has been
preserved. The home was designed by Truman O.
Angell, who helped design the Salt Lake Temple.
The home, built in the style of early English homes
(reflecting the New England background of Brigham
Young), is located on East South Temple Street be-
tween the Church Administration Building and the
Bee Hive House.
As one approaches the Lion House, one of the first
changes that will be noted is the cream-colored fac-
ing. The house was originally built of adobe and
sandstone (which the pioneers called "grindstone")
from nearby City Creek Canyon. Some years ago,
when the original outside walls became badly cracked
and eroded, a cement plaster was applied. This has
now been removed, and a new finishing has been
added that more nearly duplicates the original, which
was described by one of Brigham Young's daughters,
Clarissa Spencer Young, as "cream plaster, which with
the white woodwork and green shutters made a very
The reclining stone lion that gives the home its
name, and which was sculptured by William Ward,
remains in place above the porch at the south
Other structural changes include installation of an
elevator to service all floors, construction of an addi-
tional stairway, air conditioning, and steel beam rein-
forcements, making the building structurally sound
and safe. However, all of the furnishings, floor cover-
ings, and wall and woodwork finishes are either
originals in the home or authentically restored to the
In Brigham Young's day, hub of family activity was
on the first (or street-level) floor, which featured the
long dining room where as many as 70 family members
and guests ate. Other rooms on this floor included
large vegetable and fruit cellars; a weaving room,
where carpets and cloth were woven; milk room, for
storage of milk, cream, butter, and cheese; laundry
room; pantries and cupboards; bathrooms; and a huge
In the northwest corner was a room that served as
the schoolroom until the schoolhouse was completed
in 1862. This room then became the family's recrea-
tion room. Here the children gathered for parties
and entertainments. Large steel hooks were attached
to the walls for pulling molasses or vinegar candy, and
there was a small stove for popping corn.
Today this floor is the setting for the Lion House
Pantry, a cafeteria for Church employees and others,
where members may obtain home-cooked lunches and
afternoon refreshments five days a week at nominal
cost. There are a number of small dining rooms, in
addition to the main dining room, and in good weather
diners may take their trays into the garden between
the Lion House and Bee Hive House.
The second floor of the home was originally devoted
to sitting rooms for President Young's families. In the
southwest corner was the large front parlor, or prayer
room, where President Young gathered his family
for counsel and prayers.
According to Clarissa Spencer Young, "About seven
o'clock in the evening Father would go to his room,
light a candle in the tall, brass candlestick, come into
our sitting room across the hall, and say quietly, Time
for prayers.' No matter what we were doing or who
was there, we dropped everything and followed him
through the long narrow hall [from the Bee Hive
House] and stepped into the parlor of the Lion
House. . . .
"Father would step to the glass cupboard, take
down the prayer bell, go to the door, and give three
distinct rings. After a moment he would put the
prayer bell back and take his place ... in the center of
the room. In a very short time the patter of feet
would be heard in the long hallway upstairs and
1875 Room, one of the
second floor parlors,
is decorated in rich
red and black shades.
Photos by Lonn Wiggins
down, and the children would come tripling in to be
followed by their mothers with a more sedate
tread. . . .
"Father usually discussed the topics of the day, and
then we would all join in singing some familiar songs,
either old-time ballads or songs of religious nature.
Finally we would all kneel down while Father offered
the evening prayers."
The original prayer bell is still in this room, and the
parlor has been furnished as it was in President
Other rooms on this floor now include the 1875
Room, the Social Room, the Pioneer Room, and the
Garden Room. The latter opens out onto the garden,
and a small service kitchen has been built adjoining
it, making it an attractive setting for wedding
One of the most charming and unusual features of
the home is the Children's Room, just east of the main
entrance. Here children can come on special occa-
sions to learn about their pioneer heritage and to hear
stories of pioneer families and experiences. They
can also pop corn at a small stove, pull molasses candy,
and turn a freezer for ice cream.
The third floor originally had 20 bedrooms, ten on
each side of the long central hall, with a small fire-
place and a dormer window in each room. (These dor-
mer windows give the home its distinctive English
appearance from the outside.) The walls separating
the bedrooms have been removed, and three large
reception rooms are now located on the south and
west sides, with sliding partitions dividing them. The
largest room is the Banquet Room, which can seat
up to 100 people. Next to this is the Gable Room,
and then the Buffet Room. When all three rooms are
opened up, groups of up to 200 people can be accom-
modated. A large, modern kitchen and pantries and
storage rooms are on the east side of this floor. From
the banquet room, a door opens onto a balcony over-
looking the garden.
Throughout the home the finest furnishings have
been placed. Ingrained carpets woven to a design of
the pioneer period are featured on the second and
third floors (the first floor has a beautifully stained
wooden floor). Damask, brocade, mohair, dimity,
and other luxurious fabrics of Brigham Young's day
have been used in the upholstery and window cover-
ings. Some of the furniture, was originally in the
home. Other pieces were located in homes, garages,
antique shops, and stores throughout the country,
from New York to San Francisco. Among the most
beautiful finds are two crystal chandeliers that once
were used in the governor's mansion in New
Following Brigham Young's death in 1877, the Lion
House remained in the hands of family members for
a short time and was then purchased by the Church.
It served as office space for a number of years, and
later became a home economics laboratory for the old
Latter-day Saints University. When that school was
closed in 1931, the First Presidency turned the home
over to the YWMIA for use as a social center for the
women and girls of the Church. During the years
until it was closed for remodeling in 1964, the home
was the scene of classes, socials, and activities of
thousands of young women, particularly those who
were living away from home.
The Lion House has special significance for mem-
bers of the YWMIA, for it was in the front parlor
that Brigham Young called his wives and daughters
together on November 28, 1869, and organized them
into the Young Ladies Department of the Coopera-
tive Retrenchment Association, admonishing them to
cultivate a modest apparel, improve their speech, and
set a good example before the world worthy of
imitation. This organization later became what is
now known as the Young Women's Mutual Improve-
ment Association. During 1969 the YWMIA will ob-
serve its centennial, and many of the centennial
activities will revolve around the Lion House.
Managing the policies and activities of the center
is a board of directors working under the direction
of President Florence S. Jacobsen and counselors
Margaret R. Jackson and Dorothy P. Flolt, the YWMIA
general presidency. Mrs. Dorothea Ludlow is hostess-
manager of the Lion House. O
°Now! ^ave 20 °° oq all ydur
What members say about
LDS Books Club
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Choice of thousands
Almost every LDS book in print is available
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children's books, practically everything ever
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You are kept informed of vital new publi-
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members, the Club can obtain and send to
you postpaid, almost all Church books
available, even though discounts on these
books may not permit the giving of bonus
If you buy as few as four church
books a year, you cannot afford
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LDS Books Club.
by James E. Talmage
Here is your opportunity to get the inspirational book which every Latter-
day Saint has been urged to read. Join the LDS BOOKS CLUB this month
and receive this important classic at a 20% savings! Iiict <tO Qfl
Why do we make this reduced price offer?
Thousands of Latter-day Saints throughout the world are building their
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fuller understanding of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
-The LDS BOOKS CLUB enjoys quantity discount buying, and can pass
along a 20% discount to you in the form of a free bonus book with each
four books you buy.
How to join the Books Club
Clip the coupon below and send it along with your check or money order for just $2.80 for
your copy of "House of the Lord." You will be enrolled as a member.
CLIP THIS MEMBERSHIP ENROLLMENT FORM
LDS Books Club Inc. LDS ™
P.O. Box 400/1188 South Main/Salt Lake City, Utah 84110
Enclosed is my check or money order for $2.80. Please send my copy of
"House of the Lord" by James E. Talmage and enroll me as a member of the
LDS BOOKS CLUB. I understand that each month I will receive reviews of
latest books. I hereby agree to purchase a minimum of four (4) additional
regular selections or alternates during the next 12 months at the regular
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additional books. For each four (4) books I purchase through the Club. I will
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CITY, STATE, ZIP
Now Western isn't
Air West jets leave every day at 8 a.m. 12 :55 p.m.
the only way to fly
5:10 p.m. Call Air West or your Travel Agent.
Lest We Forget
Americas First Department Store
By Albert L. Zobell, Jr.
• To a large extent the early
Saints were .not merchantmen;
they were breakers of sod, builders
of canals, tillers of soil, beginners
of virgin farms in arid valleys that,
with the application of much labor,
blossomed as the rose.
But as the problems of produc-
ing foodstuffs were overcome,
other problems had to be dealt
with. A place of merchandise was
needed. Thus on October 9,
1868, leaders of the Church
met, and "it was decided to take
immediate steps to establish a
cooperative mercantile business,
wholesale and retail, to supply the
wants of the people of the terri-
tory. Over $70,000 was subscribed
in the council." (Manuscript His-
tory of Brigham Young, 1868,
The plan was discussed in the
various wards, and at a meeting
in Salt Lake City's Council Hall
on October 15, Brigham Young was
chosen president and W. H.
Hooper vice president of Zion's
President Young had said:
"There are too many men en-
gaged in merchandising here. Two
thirds of them ought to be out
in the fields." He added, "It is our
duty to bring goods here and sell
them as low as they can pos-
sibly be sold and let the profits
be divided with the people at
large." He recognized the talent
of women as "salesmen" and
"traders," and urged that the men
find other work.
The name of the new associa-
tion was later changed to Zion's
Cooperative Mercantile Institution,
and on March 1, 1869, it opened
for business in the Eagle Em-
porium on the southwest corner of
First South and Main streets. Be-
fore the store opened at nine that
morning, President Young dedi-
cated it and all its contents to the
service of the people. Then he
made the first purchase. A sec-
ond store opened ten days later
up the street in the old Constitu-
tion Building, and one in the
Ransohoff Building April 21. Thus
the stores functioned until the
present store was opened in 1876.
Additions on Main Street were
completed in 1880 and 1902. The
cast-iron store front has been de-
clared a fine example of the na-
tion's architectural heritage of
Merchants, especially in the
East, were skeptical that a co-
operative institution would suc-
ceed. Some of the people who
subscribed for stock felt the pinch
of recurring hard times and had
to let their investment go, but
many other families whose fore-
fathers subscribed for ownership
shares still have stock in ZCMI.
From the beginning the store was
an innovation in that there were
departments for shoes, hats, and
the like, giving it the designation
America's first department store.
Almost from the beginning the
wares included groceries, clothing,
drugs, shoes, dry goods, wagons
and machinery, produce, trunks,
and sewing machines. By 1873
the store was selling hardware,
tools, implements, and crockery,
as well as the luxury items of fancy
notions, carpets, and upholstery
President George Albert Smith,
the President of the Church from
1945 to 1951, on occasion used
to fill his sermons with personal
experiences: As a youth he worked
in the overall and boot factories,
and as a young man of 20, he
traveled by horse and buggy
through Utah to Panaca, Nevada,
as a ZCMI salesman. Such men
were the friends of the small
merchants of the various com-
His predecessor, President He-
ber J. Grant, who was President
of the Church from 1918 to 1945,
recalled how he had been born
in his parents' home, located on
the site of the future Main Street
home of ZCMI. When he was a
small boy and his widowed mother
moved, he vowed that he would
purchase the property back. In
early manhood he did build his
mother a home, but she selected
another location for it.
ZCMI has grown with the
area, and has done much to
nurture growth during the cen-
tury that the firm has been in
operation. Its stores are now
operating at the downtown loca-
tion, in southeast Salt Lake
County, and in Ogden. A store is
also being built in southwest Salt
Lake County, and another is
planned for the Orem-Provo, Utah,
who are not ashamed
of having brains.
Great Books are published by Encyclopaedia Britannica in collaboration with the University of Chicago.
Here is the most superb home
library ever assembled—
It may not be popular to admit it,
but all people aren't created equal.
And the longer they live (and learn),
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You were probably born with a
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how to use it. And you appreciate
the difference. You aren't ashamed of
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That's why Great Books belong in
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many more. They contain just about
every important thought of Western
man for the past 3,000 years! A set
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taining 443 masterpieces by 74 of his-
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The $1,000,000 Syntopicon
Included with Great Books (and
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Unlike a dictionary that indexes
facts, the Syntopicon indexes ideas —
every one of the thousands of topics
and subtopics within the Great Books.
In minutes, the Syntopicon enables
you to look up any idea in the Great
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Also available with Great Books
are the handsome 10-volume reading
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The Era Asks About
President Joseph Fielding Smith, Church Historian and recorder. A William Lund, an assistant Church historian since 1911.
The Church Historian's Office
Latter-day Saints have been called a record-keeping people, and the Church Historian's
Office (CHO) is the primary repository of information about the Church. Three persons,
well qualified from their years of service and training, participate in this interview: Presi-
dent Joseph Fielding Smith of the First Presidency , who has been Church Historian since
1921; A William Lund, assistant Church historian, who is celebrating his sixtieth year in
the CHO; and Earl E. Olson, assistant Church historian, who has been the spokesman for
all three on most of the questions.
Q. For about 138 years the Church Historian's
Office (CHO) has been gathering Church records
and collecting literature dealing with the Church.
How much material has the CHO gathered up to now?
A. We have not inventoried our holdings since 1965,
but at that time we had 47,976 printed volumes,
42,232 pamphlets, 9,007 positive rolls of microfilm,
14,510 volumes of hand-written manuscripts, includ-
ing 2,022 volumes of patriarchal blessings, 231,455
minute books and records of members, and over one
million individual papers, paintings, photographs,
tapes, phono discs, and other items.
Q. Are you able to store all of this in the Church
A. No. About 40 percent of our materials, such as
minute books and newspapers, are stored at our
vaults in the Salt Lake industrial complex, about five
miles southwest of Church headquarters. In the CHO
we keep most of the manuscript histories, photographs,
minutes from wards and, stakes, and so forth.
Q. How extensive is your collection of photographs,
records, films, and paintings?
A. We have a large photographic collection, which
continues to increase through our practice of obtain-
ing photographs of all stake presidencies and bishops.
Our collection of paintings is not large, primarily be-
cause we have not taken any special steps to acquire
them. We have on phono discs all of the Church
general conference proceedings since April 1939, as
well as several talks given in the April 1936 confer-
ence. We now record the conferences on tapes and
will shortly have transferred to tapes all of the con-
ference proceedings that were previously only on
discs. We have the voices of all of the Church Presi-
Earl E. Olson, assistant Church historian since 1965. Sian Morgan, customer services section, helps answer queries.
dents since and including President Joseph F. Smith,
whose voice was taken from a cylinder on which he
had dictated some letters. Also, we have an oral
recorded testimony of Wilford Woodruff given in
Q. How do you acquire material for the CHO?
A. We have several people who are responsible for
acquisition in three different fields: (1) the library
section— books, pamphlets, periodicals, newspapers,
and other printed items; (2) the manuscript section-
histories of stakes and missions, motion pictures, tapes,
documents, pictures, maps, and journal histories;
(3) the written section— all minutes of the organiza-
tions of the Church. These librarians and archivists
analyze catalogs from book dealers and search other
channels in order to keep abreast of materials in
which we might be interested.
Q. Could members of the Church help with record
and manuscript acquisitions?
A. Yes. Some official records of the Church have
remained in private hands. It would be helpful if all
members realized that all minutes of Church organiza-
tions should be filed in Church archives. It would
also be helpful if members would place manuscripts,
diaries, collections of important letters, printed ma-
terials, and other Church-related items in this central
depository for the benefit of future researchers.
Q. How does a person know if he has something
of historical importance?
A. Ask us. We will be glad to give an opinion.
Q. Is the CHO designed to be used by members
of the Church?
A. Our first responsibility is to obtain Church records
so that they can be preserved. Our second responsi-
bility is to make the records available for use and to
service the needs of members of the Church.
Q. How does the CHO service the needs of mem-
bers of the Church?
A. Many members need help in proving their births
for social security, medicare, and insurance purposes.
We assist members in completing their priesthood au-
thority lines. Some persons have lost the copy of their
patriarchal blessings and desire another copy. There is
a charge for two of these services: $1.00 for birth
certificates and 25c for duplication of blessings. In
addition, many members are interested in biographical
material pertaining to their lives or the lives of family
members, and many researchers, writers, scholars,
and students request help on theses, dissertations, arti-
cles, books, or in-depth reports.
Q. Are nonmembers free to use the facilities of the
A. Yes. We make no distinction between members
and nonmembers as far as .the use of the library-
archives is concerned.
Q. How do you respond to the image of suppres-
sion of materials that in the past has been identi-
fied with research at CHO?
A. Certainly some researchers have been displeased
because we have not made some of the records as
freely available as they would like. But many archives
have problems in these areas. For example, certain
original documents have to be restricted in usage
because of their inherent value, age, or condition.
Some of these original records have been micro-
filmed and can be seen on microfilm, but others have
not yet been microfilmed. So far we have done little
microfilming of original documents and letters, and
comparatively few diaries. As time and budget allow,
we will microfilm many of these in order that re-
searchers may read them. We have an additional
problem with personal journals. Years ago, journals
were filed with the understanding with the donors
that they would be made available only to descendants
of the writer. We try to avoid such agreements now,
but are bound by past agreements. However, we hope
that in time families will release many of the journals
for research. Also, we have a ruling that those per-
sons who are writing or who have written to discredit
the Church are denied access to our facilities.
Q. Are there types of records that are not available
to any researcher?
A. Yes— minutes of stake presidency, high council,
and bishopric meetings, high council trials, or bishops'
trials. These and similar records involve personal status
of individuals that we feel researchers have no right to
read. Our view is shared by others, even in business
and industry. Many companies do not open their con-
fidential board of director minutes to researchers. One
can understand the reasons for such a policy.
Q. Is the CHO the depository of all Church records?
A. No. We do not hold minutes of meetings of the
First Presidency or of the Council of the Twelve. They
are filed in their own care. Also, we do not have some
of the records of such Church departments as the
financial, building, and legal departments. — *-
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Dean C. Jessee, chief archivist cataloguer, assists scholars. Fern Scott, written records cataloguer, views old minute books.
Q. Have you cataloged all items and materials in
A. For many years we operated with a shortage of
personnel, and many items went uncataloged. Also,
many boxes were stored in the basement from the days
when the CHO was moved to the Church Office
Building in 1917. But we have undertaken a vast
recataloging program. A new library classification
system for Mormon collections has been developed,
and we have found it sufficiently useful that we are
recataloging all of our printed material. We have
completed several sections, but the library section
may take another five years to complete. It is a
tremendously difficult task to recatalog an archive
and library with as much material as we have. This
recataloging should help researchers in their studies,
and it has helped us in our filing and storing pro-
Obviously, the significance of any item we store
may not be known until something connected with it
is uncovered, such as the papyri rediscovery, for
example. The rediscovery of the papyri reminded us
of the papyrus fragment that we have had all along in
the CHO. Our role is to process records, catalog
them, and store them— not to research them, interpret
them, or for that matter to even read them. We read
comparatively little of that which comes even in
English. I suppose the true significance of many
items will never be known until new discoveries are
made by others to correlate certain relationships.
Q. How do you cope with record keeping in a multi-
A. Minute books and records of stakes, wards, and
missions are usually recorded in the language of the
country. We do not have personnel at the CHO who
read all the languages of the Church, but we are able
to recognize the type of record— or request assistance
from the Translation Department— so we can process
the records. Researchers wanting to use such records
would have to know the language in order to use
Q. How do you acquire materials about the Church
in non-English-speaking countries?
A. Priesthood leadership throughout the world is
urged to forward materials pertaining to the Church.
We rely on local Church leaders in this aspect of our
Q. In a world that is seeing a rapid spread of the
gospel and also witnessing a communications media
explosion, will the CHO be able to store all literature
related to the Church?
A. We presume that in time we will microfilm at
least some of the minutes of Church organizations.
Written records section houses thousands of auxiliary reports. Thomas G. Truitt, acquisitions supervisor, directs purchases.
Beyond that, we do not foresee any problems in the
immediate future. We have sufficient space avail-
able for some years yet.
Q. The CHO certainly contains the greatest single
source of materials about the Church. Are other out-
standing collections also available?
A. Yes. The Brigham Young University has a fine
collection of diaries and documents. The Utah State
Historical Society has many valuable historical items
pertaining to Utah and members of the Church. The
Daughters of the Utah Pioneers Museum has a fine
collection, as does the Salt Lake City Public Library.
Other libraries that have important collections about
the Church include the Huntington Library in San
Marino, California; Bancroft Library at the University
of California at Berkeley; and Yale University Library
in New Haven, Connecticut.
Q. President Smith, what is the purpose of the
A. (President Joseph Fielding Smith) The Lord
commanded in the very beginning, even from the days
of Adam, that a record be kept. It was a divine com-
mandment from the Garden of Eden. Also, Book of
Mormon history records that Lehi and his family were
not to go without records, so they went back to Jeru-
salem to obtain them. The Lord has always had
someone appointed to keep records, and we are under
the same commandment. One of the first command-
ments given to the Prophet Joseph Smith was that a
record should be kept, and that Oliver Cowdery should
assist him with it.
Q. How extensively should CHO records be used?
A. A record is of no use if it isn't used. Historical
records are beneficial to all people, and the doctrinal
records are a blessing to all mankind.
Q. Brother Lund, the assignment of the Journal
History has been viewed with major importance.
What is the Journal History and how do you keep it?
A. ( A. William Lund ) The Journal History is a day-
by-day record of events worthy of being recorded. It
is a daily journal that has been kept since 1830. News-
papers are clipped and pasted in the entry for each
The Journal History is something peculiar to the
Church, but it presents a remarkable survey of the
times and the progress of the kingdom of God in the
earth. It is a wonderful experience to be associated
with this type of record keeping. It makes me appre-
ciate the work of our prophet-historians who wrote
the books of the Bible and the Book of Mormon, Our
heritage, especially our historical or record-keeping
heritage, truly is unique and inspiring. O
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From the crew's crow's nest,
the crowd stretches endlessly.
Missionaries make many friends
among crowd before pageant time.
Kitchen at old Joseph Smith home
near Palmyra fascinates visitors.
• All is still. Everything is dark. Suddenly at the top of the Hill
Cumorah a light appears, and in the light a figure representing the resur-
rected Christ descends to earth. This most dramatic finale to the Hill
Cumorah Pageant thrillingly concludes the story of Christ's ministry in
the New World.
The thought of the Savior on this sacred hill, and all of us at his
feet in a pure attitude of worship, brought to mind a scripture: "Who
shall ascend unto the hill of the Lord? . . . He that hath clean hands,
and a pure heart. . . ." (Ps. 24:3-4.) Of such is the caliber of the cast
presenting scenes of Christ's ministry in the western hemisphere.
Those of us who ascended unto this hill of the Lord, believing, came
away fed and blessed and strengthened in our resolves in the gospel.
Those who were strangers to the principles Christ taught, or to the pro-
gram of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, were awakened
to the incredible sweetness in the life and message of the Savior. To-
gether we participated in a most remarkable religious experience. This
seems to be a significant thing about the pageant.
Oh, it's good entertainment. Young and old alike are spellbound at
the battles and the scenes of destruction, thrilled at the mood created by
the portrayal of the nativity, sobered to hear King Benjamin's address.
Crawford Gates' musical score is deeply moving and descriptive. The
visual effects, the costumes, the characterizations add to the total impact.
The lessons of the Book of Mormon hit home. Night after night the solid
lanes of traffic creep into the quiet countryside for hours at a time before
the production begins. People perch on trailer tops, boxes, ladders. They
picnic on blankets until starting time. That it is a success is obvious.
"But why the pageant?" people ask. "Such a fantastic undertaking!"
"What beautiful young people !" "I've never been so moved in all of
my life!" they exclaim. And before and after the pageant they eagerly
buy the copies of the Book of Mormon being offered by these "beautiful
young people." *"*"
Elders Ross Bishop, Scott
Potter pause to visit with
Lorna Lee of Rigby, Idaho.
Mr. and Mrs. Harper Wallace, Salt Lake City,
conduct tour group of Hawaiians to pageant.
Debby Remley and Ruth Ludlow take time
to pose beside scenery of Lehi's ship.
Crew members who deserve praise for work in
pageant included Bruce Finch, Glade Powell.
I'll always remember what
President Bankhead said as he
set the atmosphere and point of
emphasis for the upcoming two
weeks: "Put the Mormon Church
in the back of your mind for a
time, and ask the people, 'What
do you know about Christ?
Would you like to know moreV "
We spent a week studying, mem-
orizing, practicing, and praying
to learn how to present this
question in such a way that the
answer to the latter question
would be yes, and we could place
copies of the Book of Mormon
into the hands of those who at-
tend the pageant."
"It was 5:30 Saturday evening
in the Sacred Grove, and time to
leave that sacred spot for the last
time. Three of us read together
a few scriptures we had learned
to love that week; and then, find-
ing a secluded spot, we knelt in
prayer, each asking that the
spirit of love, dedication, and
testimony might endure long
after our pageant experience. »
Feeling a surge of frustration
Cumorah Mission elders have heavy re-
sponsibilities during the pageant week.
Donna Pond, Carma Prescott, and Linda
Gender take time for some recreation.
and fear sweep through her
being, one girl took me a little
way into the trees and with tear-
filled eyes pleaded, "Pray for me.
Just pray for me."
"At two o'clock in the morning
we of the work crews were still
manning the light towers, trying
to perfect the effect desired as
Abinadi burned at the stake.''
U A group of ten or 12 of us
gathered on Sunday to sing
hymns together and to get to
know better the deeper, spiritual
side of each other."
By Thursday of the first week
the five or six scriptures for
memorization each day, plus
four Book of Mormon concepts
to be learned as the background
for approaches, had overwhelmed-
most of us. We realized how
little we knew about the Book of
Mormon. Humbled by an aware-
ness of our weaknesses, we then
turned to the Lord to ask in real
sincerity for his help."
u The evening meetings of the WW
first week gave us the chance to
hear the testimonies of converts,-*-
Five-year-old Kimberly Reeder escorts
two visitors' down path at Hill Cumorah.
Debby Remley, Schenectady, N. Y.,
waits near scenery for her cue.
Harley Remley, 13, learns from Elder Don
Coombs, who plays Moroni in the pageant.
Ruth Ludlow (left) tries on cos-
tume, while Linda Newland ushers.
Donna Gray and Diana Robertson,
both of Idaho; Linda Lang, Nev-
ada; and Lorna Ellgen, Colorado.
The pageant is a missionary effort, and cast and crew, director
Harold I. Hansen and technicians Paul Evans and Richard Welch, Cumorah
Mission president Reid Bankhead, Cumorah Stake president Bryant Ros-
siter, and associate manager Don Brererton agree that the tremendous
effort is well worth it when there is such evidence that lives are changed.
This is a production you can watch free of charge, but you must
pay to be in it ! Lodging for volunteer participants is furnished by towns-
people, most of whom are not members of the Church. Meals were served
on arrangement in the Cumorah Ward and in the basement of the First
But it's fun ! Young people plan their summer schedules around
the hope of being accepted as pageant participants. Families schedule
their vacations to meet the pageant dates. Whole families trek to the
Hill Cumorah and spend their year's vacation preparing and proselyting
and performing. All who are connected with the pageant keep mission
standards in dress, behavior, attitude, and schedule.
There are rehearsals each night of the week before the public per-
formances. But during the day cast members are divided into study
groups led by the full-time missionaries of the Cumorah Mission. There
the Book of Mormon is studied, missionary lessons are learned, scriptures
are memorized, and truths are applied. Testimony meetings, held every
morning in the Sacred Grove where the PropTiet Joseph Smith had his
first vision, are life-changing occasions. Participants have gospel dis-
cussions with nonmembers in the audience before show time. They take
countless photos and exchange autographs. They make friends from far
places. They take in the scenic sights, the historical points . . . the
Peter Whitmer farm at Fayette where the Church was organized over
100 years ago . . . the Martin Harris farm that was mortgaged so the
first Book of Mormon could be published . . . the Smith family home,
which is so charmingly restored and but a short walk from the Sacred
Grove . . . the Hill Cumorah itself, where Moroni hid the golden plates
in ancient days.
So another pilgrimage to this special place is over.
Elsewhere in this section are comments from the young students
themselves who participated in this tremendous undertaking. O
Sharon Christensen, Kathleen Burke, Jeanne
Jarrard, Patricia Wood meet for breakfast.
Era of Youth
Preparing breakfast is Nancy
Wilson, Midwest City, Okla.
Shawna Clayson of Mexico, New York, and Eileen Waldron
of Logan, Utah, span continent in friendship at pageant.
Participants from the East greet those from
the West, who journeyed to pageant by bus.
most of whom had been con-
verted within the past year. We
felt their spirit and heard of the
changes in their lives. Some of
them had been contacted for the
first time by pageant partici-
pants of past years."
My heart leaped as tears came
into the eyes of a pageant visitor
who heard my testimony when I
presented him with a copy of the
Book of Mormon."
As the pageant proceeded,
small groups of us huddled in the
dark on both sides of the stage
to share the experiences gained
that evening while placing copies
of the Book of Mormon."
We had shared spiritual experi-
ences before, but here they took
place all day, every day, for two
weeks. We had no other goal but
to study the gospel and seek to be
close to the Spirit with all our
heart, mind, and strength."
"One could see young ladies
running to the booths on the side
of the seating area to purchase
-more copies of the Book of Mor-
mon. They were too excited to
New Yorkers Lorraine Rich, Etta Smith
welcome Utah performer Geneive Potter.
Wayne Hales takes time to meditate in
peaceful surroundings of Sacred Grove.
walk — too excited about the con-
versation just terminated, too
enthusiastic about the possibility
of sharing the message of Christ
with other wonderful people. "
"Why couldn't I have thought
of that last night!" exclaimed
one sister as a missionary ex-
plained how a rather difficult
question could be answered."
u Just as I was to enter the
light for my scene, I was envel-
oped by the Spirit of the Lord,
and at that moment I came to
know the Savior, that he lives
and loves me. "
"An elder comforted a. disap-
pointed sister when a family
failed to accept her message and
buy a Book of Mormon. "Not. all
people are yet willing to receive
a witness of the Spirit. It takes a
receptive heart on the part of the
listener as well," she was told. "
u Thoughts of home and family
were far from our minds as we
two sisters sat during supper
practicing dialogues on each
other: "Be an agnostic this time
and let me see if I can place a
book with you." 99
Rallying 'round flag are Marily Trapnell, California;
RaNae Field, Idaho; Roena Pollard, Colorado; Ellen
Spencer, Idaho; Diana Alldredge, Arizona.
Soloist performs in concert for
Exceptional Children's Week.
In scene from "The Ugly Duckling" (left), BYU students
(standing) help training school students (in wheelchairs).
• Young people everywhere are seeking life's
purpose. Most of them want to be useful, to per-
form a service, to feel needed. Recently, a hand-
ful of students found what they were looking
for. Through their efforts, the shroud of fear
and doubt regarding the intellectually handi-
capped has begun to dissolve.
Two years ago, two young men, both in search
of a purpose in life, were persuaded to visit the
Utah State Training School at American Fork.
What Larry Parks and Dustin Carsey found there
were children who had the basic need of being
loved, the same as normal children — except these
individuals knew how to give an exceptional
Christ-like love. They knew no enemies, but had
too few friends.
It was an instant love affair between Larry,
Dusty, and these young people. Both men were
called to be officers in the MIA at the school,
and both spent their Sunday afternoons there.
Soon they realized how badly most of these
youths wanted to learn, and they were awed by
their ambition. Although Dusty and Larry were
not certified teachers, they shared their knowl-
edge and were amazed to find that some had
beautiful singing voices, some had a good sense
of rhythm, some read well, and they all had a
good sense of humor. They were talented!
Despite their obvious handicaps, they could per-
form with the best of the troopers. President
Hugh B. Brown recently remarked during the
Era of Youth
Dustin Carsey and Larry Parks,
left, and Carol Anne Schuster.
A Dream Is
By Dona Gregory
dedication of a new chapel at the school, "I have
never seen a man or woman who, in some respect,
was not my superior."
One youngster who was confined to a wheel-
chair asked if someday perhaps they could do a
play. This presented no small problem for Dusty,
as most of those who wanted to participate were
in wheelchairs, and some could not speak very
well. But they all understood, and they all
wanted to give and be received by those who led
normal lives in a world different from their own.
To have others see these children as Dusty
and Larry saw them became a, dream. To have
others see their talent, love, and appreciation
seemed as insurmountable as moving the Empire
State Building with a toothpick for leverage!
Then one afternoon Tamara Fowler, a promi-
nent young woman in the dramatic arts depart-
ment at Brigham Young University, suggested
that the play The Ugly Duckling be presented
by the children from the school in the experimental
theater at the university.
Between Dusty and Tamara, the idea developed
of making a pre-recorded tape, using students
from BYU so that the children would only have
to move their mouths to the dialogue. Then, for
those in wheelchairs, Dusty, Tamara, Larry, and
some additional colleagues would dress in incon-
spicuous dark robes (so that the children, dressed
in brightly colored costumes, would be the center
of attention) and wheel the real "stars" of the
production from scene to scene on the stage.
Not only did it work, but the performance was
performed before standing-room-only crowds,
concluding with few dry eyes.
With the success of The Ugly Duckling came
the inspiration for Exceptional Children's Week
at Brigham Young University.
Carol Anne Schuster, a talented Jewish convert
to the Church, also was trying to find meaning
in her life. She had tried a career in professional
nursing in New York City. Deciding that it was
a wrong choice for her, she came to BYU as a
speech-dramatic arts major. She had nearly de-
cided to give this up too when she discovered
Dusty, Larry, and those people whose handicaps
leave them in the land of never-grow-up.
Putting all of her talent in this direction, she
wrote and directed the concert for Exceptional
Children's Week — a concert made up of nearly
175 handicapped children throughout the state of
Utah, with a children's choir, individual vocalists,
and a rhythm band.
After the performance members of the audi-
ence swarmed backstage to congratulate the
youngsters — not out of pity, but out of sincere
gratitude for being shown a new, bright side of the
Today, what started out to be a dream has
partially become a reality because a handful of
people cared enough to work and make it come
Apples are for polishing.
So are kind looks and gen-
Balls are foi
Fun is for having.
Girls are for loving others.
Boys are for leading Hearts and hearths
others. When the twain hands and houses are
is twisted the "system" nicest when they're warm
suffers. and ivelcoming.
Ideas are J
Noises are for listening to —
like night birds and night
locks, anthems, foghorns,
canoe paddles, toe tappers,
and the intricate idiom of
Obedience is for teens who
want to honor their par-
ents, that their days may
be long on the land that
the Lord has given them.
is for peoj
Truth is for telling.
Understanding is for trying
times. It's for parents and
children and teachers and
Virtue is indeed its own
Watching is f
ones — watch
Clocks are for ticking and
*• bouncing in tocking. Some people are
and volley like clocks — they make
lie with bounce things tick with their
Doing is what comes natur-
ally to those who have
boned up on gracious be-
Eyes are for eyeing the beau-
ties about — like the eyes
of a friend and dew in the
lie and places
s of living that
t in all their
or the smart
i trends, and
w, too. Look
Jobs are for finishing well— Love is to give and to take at
school jobs, church jobs, Kisses are for keeping until the right time in the right
job jobs, home jobs. the real thing comes along. way.
Quiet is for savoring.
Remembering is for lonely
nights in one's own wilder-
ness. It's sweeter when
memories are memorable.
Smiles are for sharing.
Smiles are for spreading
sunshine. Smiles are for
making anyone better
X marks the spot where you
are. Where do you go
Youth is for having once in
a lifetime. Cherish it.
Zzzzzz makes you sleepy. But
are you going to zzzz your
Smokers think smoking is a
A human being undergoes a
metamorphosis when he becomes
a smoker. He develops
a dual personality, the two parts
of which are
One day he is a normal member
of humanity, fully aware
and conscious of his training,
his privileges, and his obligations
He is considerate of others,
By Keith E. Montague
Illustrated by Jerry Thompson
Era of Youth
personal habit, but it isn't— it's a public habit.
courteous to friend and stranger
alike, anxious to do whatever
he can in every situation to
make life pleasant.
He is embarrassed if he causes
any discomfort, chagrined
if he is guilty of the slightest
oversight, displeased by any
display of selfishness.
He is the finely polished,
carefully nurtured product of all
man's centuries of learning
to live together.
Then suddenly he becomes a
He continues to feel like the
same person — possibly feels
that he has acquired some
indefinable additional suavity- —
but begins to act like a
totally different being.
His pleasures in smoking, or
his desire or his need to
smoke — or any combination of
the three — take precedence over
any consideration or restraint
that has been a part of
his culture to that time.
It justifies his sitting at a
table with a cigarette burning in
his hand even though the
smoke may be drifting up
steadily into the face of a friend
who does not smoke.
It makes it perfectly permissible
for him to make the air
in a room foul and unpleasant,
even though he may be the
only one smoking in a group of
people. The fact that
the clothes of all the others
would have remained fresh
but for his smoking
concerns him not in the least.
He is a smoker. It doesn't
occur to him that his
desire to smoke in any situation
should be regarded as
His pleasure in smoking gives
him complete freedom to
disregard all other occupants in
an automobile, a bus, or a
plane. Before he became a
smoker, he would have
wanted to be considerate of
even one or two persons in
a crowd. As a smoker, especially
if there are other smokers
present, he is perfectly
willing to forget about the
few people around him who find
smoke-saturated air less
pleasant than clean air.
He will go on, day after day,
year after year, subjecting those
around him in the office
where he works to breathing
stale, smoky air, to wearing home
each day clothes permeated
by the same distasteful
odor. Yes, probably some of
the others smoke, too. But
there was a time when he
would have taken pride in being
thoughtful of those who
don't. His attitude now: If they
don't like it, why don't
they get a job where no one
smokes? How complete
his change has been!
If he is a salesman, he knows
better than to blow smoke
in your face, of course. But
as he speaks and his breath
reaches you, you think it
might be less unpleasant if
it were smoke.
If the smoker were to give a
moment's clear thought, he
would realize that it is quite
foolish to ask a nonsmoker
if he minds his having a
smoke. If the nonsmoker liked
smoke and its effects, he
would be a smoker. The
reassurance given the smoker
and the encouragement to
go ahead is never anything more
than a courteous acquiescence
to another unpleasant interlude.
Yes, a human being undergoes
a strange metamorphosis
when he becomes a smoker.
He points accusingly at
nonsmokers; calls them
selfish; has convinced
himself that they (who are
doing nothing to foul
the air he breathes, to saturate
his clothes with a stale,
smoky odor, to make him
personally uncomfortable) are
at fault. He is two people —
one with a rich background in
courtesy and consideration,
the other content to indulge his
desire to smoke with complete
disregard for others.
On Scene with the Editors
PAPEETE, TAHITI . . . Elder
Scott Anderson and Elder Russell
Osguthorpe staged Elaine Can-
non's Seminar for Sallies in
French, with Polynesian youth
coming from the outer islands to
learn lessons in grooming, be-
havior, and attitude. Simplet and
Simplette showed how not to do
things. Youth from Tubuai gave
a concert recitation of the "Code
of Living," which is a pledge to
keep the Word of Wisdom. Presi-
dent Karl M. Richards and Elder
Steven Bunderson, mission MIA
superintendent, conducted special
meetings that rounded out a lively
time of skits, workshops, games,
and dancing. Can you imagine
arriving a week before the con-
ference and staying for weeks
after (finding jobs to earn money
to live in the interim) because the
boats to the islands were so ir-
regular? The Tubuai youth had
to plan on earning extra money
to keep them the extra time, but
what a special experience it was.
DENVER, COLORADO . . . Mar-
lene Gay Mulhausen is a 14-year-
old with stars in her eyes and
money in her pocket, thanks to a
writing talent. She won first prize
in the National Scholastic Writing
Contest. First place in the whole
United States for this fine Mormon
girl is truly something to praise.
She is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Roy P. Mulhausen.
CIUDAD JARDIN, BOGOTA . . .
MIA festival proved to be a won-
derful way for Church members
coming from far places to make
friends. Pictured on the scene are
Elders Jorgensen and Messury,
Anna Vargas, and Fabio Clavijo,
Bogota, Colombia, South America.
Era of Youth
PARK STAKE, SALT LAKE CITY
. . . Dedicated service and the en-
thusiasm of stake leaders were
qualities that prompted M Men
and Gleaners to turn the tables
and surprise stake presidency,
MIA executives, and Raymond J.
Pace, Regional Representative of
the Twelve, with a party that took
the form of a Hawaiian luau.
Everyone came in costume and re-
ceived a lei and a supper of au-
thentic native food. Ken Peterson
was in charge of promotion.
fun to do genealogy work," said
Gary Pratt, secretary of the priests
quorum of Boise 11th Ward. A
genealogical workshop for the
ward youth, called "Genealogy
FUNshop Class," was held each
Sunday night following sacrament
meeting. Seventy-two youths at-
tended and 69 received certificates
of graduation when the course was
over. Bishop Ted C. Peck said,
"The class has fostered greater
spirituality in youth than any other
program we have sponsored in a
long while." Pictured: Gary Pratt,
Sherma Clark, Jolene Warnick,
Kay Ridgeway, Kathleen Rouse,
Craig Saunders, Jolene Dayton,
Lillian Closner, Dennis Lind.
WASHINGTON, D. C. . . . "Free-
dom Through Service" was the
theme of a special three-day con-
ference for servicemen and M Men
and Gleaners in the Nation's
Capitol. They came from as far
north as Boston, Massachusetts,
and as far south as Richmond,
Virginia, for a variety of inspiring
and entertaining activities, includ-
ing a commemorative service for
those who have served and died
in defense of freedom. The pro-
gram also included a tour of
battlefields in Gettysburg, a
dinner-dance, and a sunrise ser-
vice. Speakers included Elder
Boyd K. Packer, Assistant to the
Council of the Twelve, Brig. Gen-
eral Spencer Hunn, and Lt. Col.
Allen C. Rozsa, Vietnam hero.
WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND
. . . Over 300 students and their
leaders streamed into Wellington,
New Zealand, for a memorable
weekend. Commencing with a
beach cook-out, the program in-
cluded a testimony meeting, talent
shows, instructions in charm,
karate lessons, concert by a
celebrated pianist, miniature Olym-
pics, dinner-dance, and a spiritual
meeting. William Campbell is
president of the Wellington Stake.
Era of Youth
PAIA, MAUI, HAWAIIAN IS-
LANDS . . . Douglas Kehele Apo
has been awarded an honor merit
appointment to the United States
Military Academy at West Point.
He received the highest honors in
scholarship ever to be earned from
the Kamehameha Schools Associa-
tion of Maui. He has won the top
ratings of ROTC, and was an ex-
change student to Saratoga High
School, Saratoga, California.
SANTIAGO, CHILE . . . South
Americans in the Santiago region
have enjoyed meeting a get-around
girl named Renate Fassman. She's
a 17-year-old Mormon who was
born in East Germany and moved
to America, where she has been
YWMIA secretary in New York.
She has spent the past few months
in Chile as an exchange student,
doing her own kind of public re-
lations for brotherhood between
LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA . . .
Traveling from Henefer, Utah, to
the Salt Lake Valley, pushing and
pulling handcarts just as the orig-
inal pioneers did, was a real-life
adventure for MIA girls from Long
Beach, California. It was a week-
long camp-out and a choice experi-
ence for all. Brief stops where
dramatic pioneer history happened
heightened the girls' appreciation
of their brave ancestors.
MOSCOW, IDAHO . . . The Na-
tional Association for Retarded
Children sponsors a youth group
composed of some 300 young stu-
dents in high schools in the state
of Idaho. Two LDS girls were
elected to office in the statewide
organizational meetings. They are
Bonnie Madsen of Idaho Falls, a
freshman at Ricks College, and
Diane Jean Cardwell of Twin
Falls, a junior high school student
who enjoys music and drama.
"LIVES THAT STAND
I Am Ready for You
By Marion D. Hanks
• He wasn't sure where the idea had come from, but somehow the young man felt
that if he could be alone in God's great outdoors and try to talk to his Heavenly Father,
it would help. That's why he found himself standing in the grove of trees that early
morning, looking up and saying what he did. His earthly father was not religiously
inclined, and his mother had not forced the situation. The family therefore had had
little formal religious experience or instruction, but the idea of praying for help had
come to him, and he was trying.
His troubles were not abnormal, but they were serious. He had quit school and
was associating with a group of companions who didn't really represent the kind of
man he wanted to be. His work was unpromising, his habits questionable, and his
future becoming more a concern to him daily. He really felt he needed some help, and
he didn't know where to turn. Thus the idea of praying had occurred to him, and he
had set out to do it, going outside his small western town to a nearby wooded area.
As he stood there that morning, the young man looked up and talked to the Lord.
His message was simple, but to hear it as he described it several years later on an air-
plane flying over the forests of Vietnam was electrifying.
"I just looked up," he explained softly, "and said to the Lord: 'God, I am ready
for you if you are ready for me.' "
There was no startling response, oral or visual. He saw nothing and heard no
voice. There was only the utter quiet of the breezeless morning and the beating of his
own heart. Yet he went away knowing that he had been heard, somehow deeply
assured that the answer would be forthcoming.
When he sat behind the bus driver on his way to town that morning, he got the
first phase of his answer. The man said to him, "Son, I believe you are looking for
something that I can help you find." Thus started the conversation that ultimately
resulted in the young man's acceptance of Jesus Christ and his restored Church, and
that changed his life completely.
The corporal had discovered, when he was a 16-year-old boy, that God was ready for
him. From that moment life had taken on a great meaning that activated him and
exuded from him in goodness and strength as he walked and worked with humble
dignity among his fellows. o
56 Era of Youth
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By Florence B. Pinnock
Your Very OwnVote
• Political arguments take place on
every level of human living. A six-
year-old boy was heard to say,
"Only daddies vote; mothers stay
home and fix breakfast." Too many
women do just this. It is easier to
remain at home and prepare break-
fast and forget about voting than
to take a few minutes to go to the
Voting hours differ from state
to state, but in most states there
are at least 12 hours in which to
vote, and mothers need not take
housekeeping so seriously that they
can't find time to vote. Women
must take local, state, and federal
housekeeping seriously if this world
is to be cleaned up. Politics is not
just a man's world; it needs a
woman's heart, and a mother must
care about who is to run her town
and her country. And since a
child's future is tied up in his par-
ents' vote, it is important that both
father and mother go to the polls.
There can be a strong feminine
influence in politics if each woman
cares enough to vote. All women
don't vote the same, any more than
men do. However, it is possible
for a woman to study the issues,
draw her own conclusions, and
then vote at the polls, where she
can cast her vote thoughtfully and
feel involved and alive. America
has potentially more women voters
than men, but even in an important
presidential year many more men
than women actually vote. It is up
to women to correct this situation.
Women have a great deal to
gain by voting. The domestic
issues in any election involve the
family, home, health, welfare, and
schools. A mother wants good,
moral men to make and enforce
the laws. She wants a senator, a
governor, a mayor who believe in
the sanctity of the home. She
wants statesmen— not politicians—
to decide the many vital issues in
this disturbed world. She wants
wise, selfless men to run her town
and her country. Women must be-
come involved if there is to be
It is a sobering thought that
nearly every citizen of the United
States over 21 years of age has his
very own vote. Consider the reac-
tion, however, if the franchise were
to be taken from women: How
would they feel if in this evening's
paper there was an edict that no
woman would be allowed to vote
this year? All would be enraged.
Yet year after year many of them
never bother to exercise their
Women gathered together in
1848 in Seneca Falls, New York,
for the first Woman's Rights Con-
vention, and a most daring proposi-
tion came from it: "It is the duty
of the women of this country to
secure to themselves their sacred
right to the election franchise."
Then in 1869, after the Civil War,
the women again banded together,
and both the National Woman
Suffrage Association and the
American Woman Suffrage Asso-
ciation were founded.
Six years later, in 1875, Susan
B. Anthony drew up the amend-
ment: "The right of citizens of the
United States to vote shall not be
denied or abridged by the United
States or by any State on account
of sex." This is the exact wording
of the Nineteenth Amendment as
it was finally added to the Con-
stitution 45 years later. It was in
January 1918 that the House passed
the woman suffrage amendment
with just one vote. over the required
two-thirds. It took until June 4,
1919, for the Senate to pass this
amendment. Before that time only
15 states offered full suffrage.
The West can be proud of its
leadership in the suffrage move-
ment. Wyoming took the lead in
1869, and 14 states followed: Colo-
rado, 1893; Idaho, 1896; Utah, 1896;
Washington, 1910; California, 1911;
Kansas, 1912; Oregon, 1912; Ari-
zona, 1912; Montana, 1914; Nevada,
1914; New York, 1917; Michigan,
1918; Oklahoma, 1918; and South
Forty-eight years ago, on August
26, 1920, all women citizens of the
United States were given the privi-
lege to vote. Today, almost half a
century later, many women have
fallen asleep to their duty. An
alarm clock should be set for this
November in every home. It is
time to manifest our gratefulness
to the early women suffrage leaders
and go to the polls.
Politics is not an activity to run
away from: the young, the middle
aged, and the elderly should all be
involved. I know of one 82-year-
old woman who at election time
inquired what she could do to help
and found herself phoning con-
stituents and stuffing envelopes
for the candidate of her choice.
On election day she walked three
blocks down a hill to vote, and
afterwards climbed back to her
home. It was her last public act.
She truly involved herself to the
Never have the stakes been so
high and the dangers so great. If
tomorrow is to be good, women all
over this world must involve them-
selves in choosing the right leaders
October is the storehouse of the
harvest. Fresh grains, vegetables,
and fruits are in abundance, and
our tables can be laden with vita-
mins and minerals. For nutrition
and also for taste, use quantities of
fresh vegetables and fruits.
Celery can be baked, and in the
doing a most delectable dish may
be produced. Onions take on a
new dress in a cheese pie, and
mashed potatoes become a delight
as potato puffs. A tangy, appetiz-
ing relish is made of cucumbers in
sour cream, and cabbage reaches
gourmet heights in buttermilk cole-
slaw. Eggplant is a versatile fall
vegetable. It can be combined
with other vegetables, meat, cheese,
and fish to add nutriment to the
dinner table. Corn, peppers, squash,
turnips, and on and on— there is an
endless parade of vegetables, all
body-building, delicious products
of autumn. Try converting all this
richness into appetizing menus for
your family. Thirty-one days has
October in which to experiment
with at least 31 different vegetable
4 heaping cups chopped celery
1 cup sliced mushrooms
1 can water chestnuts, sliced
1 can pimientos
1 can undiluted cream of chicken
y 3 cup slivered almonds, toasted in
y 2 cup bread crumbs
Steam the celery in a little salted water
until crisply tender. Drain and place in
buttered casserole. Add the mush-
rooms, pimiento, and water chestnuts
to the chicken soup. Pour over the
celery and sprinkle the top with the
bread crumbs and almonds mixed to-
gether. Bake at 350° F. until bubbly
and golden brown.
Ellis's Chicken-Rice Casserole
1 pound Polish sausage
1 cup rice, raw
1 can chicken soup with rice
Y 2 cup green pepper, chopped
1 small onion, Chopped
1 cup celery, diced
4 cups water
Salt and pepper to taste
Cut frozen Polish sausage into slices.
Brown and drain of all grease. Com-
bine all ingredients and put in casserole.
Cover and bake in a 375° F. oven for
about 45 minutes or until rice is tender.
(Add more water if needed.) Top with
crushed potato chips and brown with
1 eggplant, peeled and cubed
1 to iy 2 pounds ground beef
y 2 green pepper, chopped
1 large onion, chopped
1% cups canned tomatoes
y 2 teaspoon paprika
2 tablespoons minced parsley
Salt and pepper to taste
iy 2 cups buttered bread crumbs
Cook the eggplant in boiling salted
water until just tender. Brown meat,
add onion and green pepper, and cook
until limp but not brown. Drain cooked
eggplant; combine all ingredients ex-
cept bread crumbs in a buttered cas-
serole. Top with buttered crumbs and
sprinkle lightly with Parmesan cheese.
Bake at 350° F. for 30 minutes.
Cheese Potato Puffs
3 cups potato flakes
% cup shredded Cheddar cheese
Dash of cayenne pepper
Salt to taste
1 egg, slightly beaten
V4 cup melted butter
Prepare 4 servings mashed potatoes as
directed on package, decreasing water
to 1 cup. Stir in cheese and season-
ings. Form into 50 balls. Dip in egg,
then in remaining dry potato flakes
(about 1 cup). Saute in butter until
golden brown. Serve hot.
1 medium cauliflower
1 tablespoon butter
1 cup sour cream
1 teaspoon dill seed
Separate cauliflower into flowerets;
place in a small amount of boiling water
and cook until crisply tender. Melt
butter; add sour cream and dill seed.
Cook until hot, but do not boil. Add
cauliflower just before serving. Sprinkle
Cucumbers in Sour Cream
2 cups sliced and peeled cucumbers
y 2 teaspoon salt
y 2 cup sour cream
2 teaspoons vinegar
y 2 teaspoon sugar
2 teaspoons instant minced onion
y 2 teaspoon dill weed
Dash cayenne pepper
Cracked black pepper
Place cucumber slices in bowl; sprinkle
with salt and cover with cold water.
Refrigerate 30 minutes; drain well.
Combine with remaining ingredients
and toss lightly. Chill at least 1 hour
y 2 cup buttermilk
y 2 cup mayonnaise
1 tablespoon vinegar
y 2 teaspoon prepared mustard
1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
1 teaspoon celery seed
y 2 teaspoon salt
y 2 teaspoon paprika
4 cups shredded cabbage
Mix all ingredients together and toss
lightly. Chill and serve. O
Return of the Mountain Men
By Karl E. Young
Illustrated by Bill Whitaker
• After two weeks away from their homes, away two small groups from the mountain colonies of
from their routines, and away from everything with Garcia and Pacheco decided to attempt probing trips
which they were familiar, several men from the back into the home territory to reconnoiter. They
colonies in the lower valleys went back to Colonia felt that they must learn what had happened since
Juarez and Colonia Dublan. Then a short time later they left in order to arrive at sound decisions as to
. . . a wagon, piled high with furniture, coming down the road
from. , .Colonia Pacheco
what should be their next move from El Paso.
The organization of these two small groups was
not entirely spontaneous. John T. Whetten, the bishop
of Garcia Ward, was getting on in years and felt
too old to lead such a trip back himself. But he
appointed his first counselor, Lester B. Farnsworth,
as leader of the Garcia party and designated a hand-
ful of men to accompany him. On August 21, there-
fore, Farnsworth, John C. Beecroft, J. B. Darton, Ernest
Nielsen, and Charles Whetten left El Paso on the
train for Colonia Juarez.
Colonia Juarez was not a ghost town. Bishop
Joseph C. Bentley had left his faithful Mexican
helper, Cornelio Reyes, in charge of his home and
property when he departed, and other citizens had
likewise appointed local Mexicans to look after their
places. Moreover, L. H. Spilsbury, a shrewd and
self-reliant man, had stayed behind when all the
men slipped out of town in the night to answer the
call of President Romney.
The reconnoitering committee from Garcia spent
two days looking over Colonia Juarez and were con-
siderably cheered by the fact that much less than they
had anticipated had been disturbed in that com-
munity. Of course, it was stripped of riding animals,
but even so, a friendly Mexican lent them a small
pony, which had been passed up by rebel soldiers
because it had a sore back. With this creature to
carry a little bedding, which they were able to rake
up, and a few provisions, the five men struck out
for Garcia, 35 miles away in the mountains.
By nightfall of August 24 the group had reached
the top of the San Diego Canyon, where they camped,
and then the next day they walked on" to the small
ranch of Vincentio Lopez at Strawberry. Here they
picked up a mule that belonged to John Beecroft.
The travelers now had a team and joyfully hitched
the little horse and mule together, being now able
to ride. Turning the point at the junction of Straw-
berry and Soldier canyons, they saw six armed Mexi-
cans run behind the bank of the creek. The Mexicans,
however, soon held up a white flag. They proved to
be a group of rebels under the leadership of Benigno
Tarin, who claimed that they were going down to
Pearson to seek amnesty at the hands of General Jose
de la Luz Blanco, who was in command of the federal
A short distance farther on, in Hop Valley, they
saw a wagon, piled high with furniture, coming down
the road from the direction of Colonia Pacheco. Al-
most immediately the wagon turned off the road
toward a low Mexican house up against the hill. The
driver, a Mexican, climbed down off his load and
hurried toward the house, calling to those inside.
Before he had reached the door, a woman came out,
carrying a cartridge belt with a pistol hanging in a
holster. The Mexican walked on into the house,
buckling the gun around his waist as he went. The
Garcia boys exchanged glances. No one needed to
tell them that this was a moocher who had been
raiding homes over in the Mormon colony.
"Pull up," said Farnsworth. "We'll just engage him
in a little conversation."
They sat in their little rig while Farnsworth called
two or three times in a friendly tone of voice. At last
the Mexican came to the door and asked what they
"We've been out of town for a short while," said
Farnsworth, "and we are just coming back to check
and see that everything is all right. We hope that
you people have not been disturbed by rebels around
"No, we haven't been disturbed."
"Good. It would be a shame to have our peaceful
way of life interrupted way off here in the mountains.
By the way, where did you get the furniture? Did that
come from Pacheco?"
"Yes, it came from there. I thought the people had
all gone away for good and were not coming back."
"Well, I can see how you might have come to that
conclusion. But we are all coming back, and I would
like to have you tell all the Mexican neighbors that
our intention is to return soon, if you will, please.
Then we would like all our things back that have been
borrowed. Adios, amigo."
As the men drove on, they knew that they would
never see a stick of furniture again once it had been
carried off by looters. But if they could help even
in a small way to prevent further looting, they
intended to do so. Right now, however, it began to
rain, and they crouched in their buckboard, eagerly
awaiting the end of their journey at Garcia. By the
time they reached the town, they were soaked and
cold. It was a relief to get out of the rig and go take
. , .a herd of pigs came
scrambling out of the front door f
grunting and squealing
a quick look inside houses and around yards as they
worked up toward the middle of the community.
At first they saw no one nor any sign of life. But
presently Charles Whetten spotted some horses stand-
ing around the house of Aunt Lizzie MacDonald.
"Look," he said. "We won't have to go afoot much
longer now, boys. There is a bunch of loose horses. A
couple of us can gather them in while the rest of
you make camp."
"Good idea," Nielsen said, jumping down over the
wheel. "Come on. I'll go help you catch them. Be-
sides, I've got the keys to Aunt Lizzie's house, and
I'd like to have a look-see before we go into camp."
But Farns worth called to him: "Ern, come back a
minute, will you? I have a feeling that it would not
be wise to go in there right now. The horses might
mean that someone is already in the house. Let's make
camp first and look around a bit before we do that."
Nielsen climbed back into the buckboard, and they
proceeded on to the Richard Farnsworth home, a
sturdy adobe building near the center of town, where
they unloaded their scant supplies and determined
to spend the night. After they had made a fire and
started to prepare a meal, someone noticed that there
was now a light in the MacDonald house.
"You had the right hunch about that, Lester," said
Ernest. "I'm glad that I didn't try to go in there."
"I had a feeling about it," answered Farnsworth.
"Besides, who wants to go around stirring things up
on a mean, wet night like this, even if they are in our
own people's houses? We wouldn't want to turn
them out in the rain, but they might get pretty ugly
if they got the impression that we did. We can in-
vestigate the town tomorrow, and then go over and
see who is there."
Next morning they got up early and made a fire
and heated some water. It was not hard to get up,
because there had been no beds and very scant
bedding. As soon as the sun came up, they went out-
side to stand around in the sunshine and get warm
and look the town over. A short time later they saw
a Mexican come out of Aunt Lizzie's house and stand
in the corner with his sarape wrapped around him.
"It looks like our guest was chilly, too," said Ernest.
"Yes," answered Farnsworth. "What do you say if
we go over there now and try to make friends with
him? We'll leave these other fellows here at the house
to hold the fort while we walk over and try to be
peacemakers. Let's see what we can do." elbow and looked at them and then got out of his
The MacDonald house was about two and a half blankets and followed Farnsworth and Nielsen as
blocks distant, and as the men walked toward it, they they stepped over the sleeping forms or walked
had a good opportunity to look the Mexican over rather around them in the attempt to have a look in all of
carefully. He seemed to be a very large man. the rooms of the house. It was bare of furniture.
"I hope he doesn't start any ruckus," said Ernest. Nothing was left that had made it habitable. As well
"I don't much like the looks of those big ones." as the observers could judge, there were three or four
Lester smiled. "The bigger they come—" men and two women lying on the floor in the various
"Yes, I know— the harder they fall." rooms.
But Nielsen knew that Farnsworth was thinking The man from outside and the one that arose inside
of anything but fighting. He was figuring out how and followed close behind the two visitors everywhere
to break the ice with this hombre. He wanted to make they went kept uncomfortably near them, so close that
sure that the man would realize that they were not when Farnsworth occasionally took a glance back
looking for a scrap but wanted to make friends. That over his shoulder, he found himself staring straight
was why he was walking in this leisurely, sauntering into the black eyes of the big man, eyes that neither
fashion, as though he were out for a stroll, with blinked nor wavered. Lester could see nothing
nothing on his mind but enjoying the brilliant morning friendly in them, and therefore the visit was soon
sunshine. over. The two Mormons said, "All right, thanks for
"Good morning. Beautiful day after the rain, isn't showing us around," taking pains to be polite and to
it?" said Farnsworth, as they drew near the Mexican', avoid any show of displeasure at what they had
The latter did not want to acknowledge them. He said found. Then as they stepped outside, where there
no more than he had to, muttering a surly "Buenos was breathing space and elbowroom, Farnsworth tried
dias." once more to make his position clear, one of owner-
"Senor, I do not have the pleasure of knowing your ship and yet of friendliness,
name, but mine is Farnsworth, and this is Mr. Nielsen, "Now this house belongs to our people, but we are
my brother-in-law. We live in this town. That is my not going to disturb you here. We have just come
brother's house which we just left before coming over up to look around and see how things are. We will
this way. We stayed there last night. My house is up be in the town for a few days looking over the houses
the road just a piece. I ran that store in the lumber and fields and doing a little work. And we'll be seeing
building over yonder until about three weeks ago. each other around. So, adios, amigos."
And this house is Aunt Elizabeth MacDonald's. Mr. Then he and Nielsen turned and walked away.
Nielsen here is supposed to be looking after it. He For the next two or three days the men looked into
has the keys to it. houses in town, visited the fields to see what shape
"We have come back to take a look around the they were in, mended fences that had been torn down,
town and see how things are going. Our people sent and got cattle out of the corn patches. From the very
us from El Paso because the homes are ours and we first, they visited the cache that Farnsworth and
wanted to find out what condition they are in. So we Bishop Whetten had made before leaving Garcia. This
would like your permission to enter this house and Cache was especially useful to them now.
look around a little." Before the crisis had arisen in the colonies, Bishop
This polite request for permission to enter one of the John T. Whetten and Lester Farnsworth had been
colonists' own houses must have set the Mexican back operating a sawmill and a store together. When they
a few pegs, for he mumbled "Si," and went over and learned that the rebels were beginning to cut the
opened the door for Farnsworth and Nielsen. Then railroad lines, they bought up supplies in anticipation
he stood back and waited for them to go in. They of shortages. They put all of their money into stocks
did not know what to expect inside, feeling certain and had the shelves full when the trouble broke,
there would be more Mexicans indoors, but not know- Feeling certain that the rebels would strip their store
ing what their attitude would be. They wished that while they were gone, Farnsworth persuaded some of
this surly big fellow would precede them and make the men to help him haul goods off and make a
known who they were and what their purpose was in cache.
visiting the house. But they were obliged to enter The site they selected was in a thick grove of trees
ahead of him. above Hiram Cluff's place at Garcia. The trees grew
Several Mexicans were lying on the floor asleep. so very thick here that a man could scarcely get
They were rolled up in their blankets and did not stir through them, and in the middle of the grove was a
at the intrusion. One man, however, leaned on his space of about fourteen feet where a round, smooth
October 1968 63
rock pushed up a few inches above the ground. On this exploring the houses for food, had found these soft
rock they deposited sacks of flour, sugar, rice, beans, piles of crushed feathers to sleep in.
and other staples until they had a considerable store During their inspection of the town the men dis-
of food there. It took a lot of grunting and sweating covered, much to their surprise and disappointment,
to get the sacks in, as it was necessary to crawl through that the dam that they had laboriously built for their
the trees and snake the sacks in on the ground after reservoir up the creek had washed away. They could
them. The growth was so dense that no large hardly believe their eyes, as the structure had been
animal could possibly get in, and Farnsworth worked soundly and sturdily designed and executed. Later, a
a big, heavy canvas through, with which he covered friendly Mexican whispered that he had heard some
the whole lot. His helpers also brought large stones rebelistas boasting that they had blown the dam with
in to lay on the edges of the canvas and keep small dynamite. In any case, its loss meant hard times during
animals out. The canvas shed the rains, and the whole periods of drought until the people could put in an-
cache was in excellent condition when the five men other one.
returned to replenish their low supply of food. The inspection also revealed that other small groups
Not only, then, did the colonists have the food they of Mexicans had lived or were living in various houses
needed while they stayed in Garcia, taking note of around the community, but the colonists did not dis-
the depredations that had occurred and scouting turb these people, knowing that they themselves would
through the surrounding hills to estimate the number be gone in a day or two and that it would be wiser
of cattle still running on the familiar range, but they not to leave any angry natives in the vicinity when
also had small amounts of flour, beans, rice, and sugar they departed.
with which they wooed the friendship of the Mexi- On August 30 the group sent Charles Whetten and
cans in Aunt Elizabeth's house. These Mexicans Ernest Nielsen over to Colonia Pacheco to learn what
naturally supposed that the men had brought the food the Pacheco men had discovered on their arrival at
up with them, though how that scrawny team could that town. This group had gone independently to
have brought up such a quantity of food they prob- their own colony on a similar mission. The two men
ably never paused to figure out. But there was more learned, however, from an aged Mexican in the ham-
food than the five men needed, and if the cache let of Corrales that the Pacheco boys had left in fear
should remain undiscovered by Mexicans until an- of their lives, because a band of rebels who had been
other party could return from El Paso, perhaps there passing through were now over at Gavilan and were
would be enough with which to pay these Mexicans talking about coming over that night to search out the
for help in such a project as gathering cattle. colonists who, they claimed, had been responsible for
In visiting the houses on the first full day in town, the death of the Mexican that had been killed in the
Lester had suffered a shock as he entered his own unfortunate fight with Joshua Stevens,
yard. The front door of the house was swinging open, In spite of this warning, the two men visited the
as were the doors of almost every house in the vil- town and found it in a shocking state, much worse
lage. While walking up the gravel path toward his than Garcia. Large pieces of beef and pork lay
doorway, Farnsworth must have made a noise that rotting in the houses and dooryards, and dead animals
could be heard inside the house, for suddenly he was lay in the streets and fields. The homes were in a
met by a herd of pigs that came scrambling out of terrible condition. Books and papers had been torn
the front door, grunting and squealing, and looking up and thrown about, some of them partly burned,
like nothing he had ever seen before. They were Rag carpet balls, which thrifty housewives had sewn
covered all over with feathers, from hams to chops, together to be woven into carpets, were strung all
Feathers were sticking out of their ears, clinging to over the town. Fences and gates had been torn down
their hooves, and bristling all over them, enough to to use for firewood, and holes gaped under trees in
startle Farnsworth, who at first stepped out of the the backyards where the pilferers had dug for buried
way, wondering if he had encountered some new valuables, such as dishes and keepsakes that the
kind of wild animal. fleeing colonists had thought to hide and preserve.
Upon entering the house, he soon discovered that Much property had been wantonly destroyed. No
Mexican looters not only had taken all of the clothing, doubt the revolutionists had figured that if they made
blankets, and quilts that had been left in the home, junk of enough of the gringos' possessions, the owners
but had also slit open the feather ticks, which had would be discouraged from returning and homes would
been left on the beds, dumping the feathers on the be available with many improvements and fenced
floor and taking the ticking along to make shirts and fields, ready to be worked and harvested by native
trousers and other articles of clothing. The pigs, hands. In fact, Pacheco seemed to have become a
64 Improvement Era
Without a word the three turned and quickly headed back upstream,
not daring to look back.
hangout for thieving bands, who posed as rebels and
carried on their ruthless raids from there.
The looks of the town gave support to what the old
Mexican had told them, and Charles and Ernest rode
back to Garcia with the gloomiest of reports. After
talking the matter through thoroughly, the party de-
cided that they would leave late that night, but that
they would plan to return with a larger party to collect
cattle for the relief of hard-pressed comrades out in
Consequently, at about an hour past midnight, with
a gentle rain falling and the Mexicans of the town
deep in sleep, the men slipped out and drove over to
Hop Valley, about eight miles away. When they
started to ford the creek, they found the water was
much deeper than usual because of the heavy rains of
the preceding days. Nielsen was driving and had
Farnswortlr and Beecroft in the front seat with him.
Whetten and Darton were sitting on everything the
party owned in the open back of the rig. There were
a roll of bedding with a canvas over it, a few per-
sonal possessions, and a little food^to tide them over
until they reached Colonia Juarez.
But as they approached the steep bank on the far
side of the creek, Nielsen found that the high water
had cut deep into the soil and left a bank too tall for
the horse and mule to climb over. At once everybody
but Darton scrambled out on the tongue between
the two animals and jumped to the bank. But already
the buckboard was awash, and Darton, with his slow
manner of talking, said, "Fellers, the bed's a-goin'."
And he was right. The water was taking it in spite of
all that he could do to save it. As he lost his hold
on the bulky roll, the current tugged it fiercely away
from him, and he growled, "Dang it, I told you so!"
Then it was gone.
The rain let up, and though there were low clouds,
the moon was bright. Whenever it found a break in
the clouds, the moonlight revealed the meadow and
willows and the swift stream, with the bed bobbing
along at a rapid pace. Without saying a word, three
of the men on the bank began to run after it. A short
distance below the ford, the creek made a wide bend,
and here, where the water was shallow, Nielsen
splashed right through, hoping to get ahead of the
bedding and catch it if it came close to the bank
beyond. The other two men, Farnsworth and Bee-
croft, ran around the bend and thus fell some distance
behind Nielsen. The bed missed the bank, and
Nielsen continued running to keep abreast of it.
Glancing back over his shoulder as he ran, to see if
his friends were coming, Nielsen suddenly caught
sight of a man lying on the ground. He had been
sleeping, and was rising to a sitting position on his
blankets. Then Nielsen saw many other figures
scattered about on the ground near him. He had run
into the middle of a rebel camp! He stopped and froze
in his tracks as Farnsworth, running through the
bushes behind him, called, "Can you see it?"
"Shut up!" Nielsen hissed back at him. Then Farns-
worth saw the rebel camp too. But by now Beecroft
had come chugging into view behind Farnsworth,
and he called, "Did you get it?"
"Shut up!" whispered Farnsworth, and since Mexi-
cans were beginning to sit up all around, Beecroft
saw the movements and realized what had happened.
Without a word the three turned and began to walk
quietly and rapidly back up stream. Then they were
walking faster, and then a little faster, and did not
dare to look back.
When they got back to the crossing, they found the
team and buckboard out on the bank. The two men
who had stayed had unhooked the horse and mule
and had thus been able to lead them both out of the
water. Then it had not been difficult for them to tie
onto the tongue and pull the empty rig out after
them. Now they had just finished hitching up again,
and as soon as the men came running in with their
panting report of a rebel camp just around the bend
below, they all piled into the buckboard and whipped
up for all the little beasts were worth.
It was not necessary. No rebels had followed the
runners, and the colonists soon came to the conclusion
that the Mexicans had probably been as frightened as
they were themselves. They must have thought that
this was a Yankee raid and had fled in the opposite
direction as precipitately as the Mormons.
Without further mishap the five men reached
Colonia Juarez, where Whetten and Nielsen, as the
two youngest members of the party, stayed to help
Joseph C. Bentley with his canning project, which he
was trying to get underway in order to preserve some
of the great quantities of ripe fruit that were going to
waste. Farnsworth and the other two men went back
to El Paso to report their findings to the proper
authorities. O (To be continued)
Elder William J. Critchlow Jr.
• Elder William J. Critchlow, Jr..
often told gatherings of the Saints,
"Happiness is a by-product of
service." He knew whereof he
spoke, for he himself was a happy
man, and his spirit of joy in living
radiated to all who knew him and
who felt his influence. He had a
perpetual twinkle, a ready word of
encouragement for friend or stran-
ger, a warm smile for all.
To Elder Critchlow, happiness
came from living fully the princi-
ples of the gospel. In a general
conference address some six months
after he was called to be an As-
sistant to the Council of the
Twelve, he said: "I thought the
people in my stake [South Ogden]
were the best and the happiest
people in the world. I still think
so, but in my travels I have found
thousands of people just like them.
"These people have certain
characteristics in common. Friend-
liness is one of them; humility is
another; the hospitality of their
leaders is another which I have
greatly enjoyed. But the outstand-
ing characteristic, it seems to me,
is happiness. Their countenances
literally radiate happiness. They
seem to have left all of their worries
and troubles at home. They ob-
viously came to conference to
feast, spiritually, of course, and
they seem to delight in paying
s 'They should be happy. They
should be the happiest people in
the world because they observe
our Father's law of happiness."
The source of happiness— service
to man and God— was deeply
ingrained in Elder Critchlow.
Throughout his life he served
others; it was not enough for him
just to belong to an organization:
he was a born leader, and positions
of great responsibility were en-
trusted to him. He threw his heart
and energy and enthusiasm into
every position: student body presi-
dent at Weber State College, col-
lege alumni president, business
executive, hospital trustee, Scouting
executive, Chamber of Commerce
committee chairman, Lions Club
president, and many others.
But his first love was the Church
of Christ (on one occasion he said
from the Tabernacle pulpit: "Speak-
ing for myself, I have accepted him
as the Son of God"), and here
again he served faithfully and well,
magnifying each calling: as priest-
hood organist at the age of 12,
teacher in the priesthood quorums
and auxiliaries, ward and stake
MIA executive, ward Sunday
School superintendent, stake high
councilor, stake president, and
General Authority. He bore fer-
vent testimony and witness to mem-
ber and nonmember alike as to the
divinity of the Savior, the truth-
fulness of the Book of Mormon,
the divine mission of the Prophet
In all his own actions and in
his relationships with the Saints,
Elder Critchlow was, as one friend
characterized him, a "stickler for
things that were right and proper."
He didn't hesitate to call atten-
tion to areas in which he felt the
Saints, whether as members of his
stake flock or as members of the
Church in general, needed to be
chastened. However, he did it
with kindness and love, always
exemplifying the spirit of the
priesthood that he held so proudly:
"Reproving betimes with sharpness,
when moved upon by the Holy
Ghost; and then showing forth
afterwards an increase of love
toward him whom thou hast re-
proved, lest he esteem thee to be
his enemy." (D&C 121:43.)
A popular and gifted speaker,
Elder Critchlow had a flair for
drama, and his talks were full of
stories that dramatically and ef-
fectively made the principles of the
gospel live. Young people particu-
larly enjoyed hearing him speak,
and it was not unusual in a stake
conference for squirming children
and restless teenagers to sit up and
listen intently when his turn came
Along with the gospel, Elder
Critchlow's family ranked first in
his life. At his funeral in the
Ogden Tabernacle on September
3, Bishop Lewis J. Wallace, a life-
long friend, told how he would
admonish each priesthood bearer
who was being called to a position
of leadership: "Your first obliga-
tion is to your family— then to your
calling." In setting apart mission-
aries, he would tell them, "Write
to your parents often— at least
once a week— and tell them how
much you love and appreciate
These were admonitions he him-
self took seriously. He and Sister
Critchlow had a warm, loving,
mutually respectful relationship
that was immediately apparent to
Saints all over the world, wherever
she accompanied him on his many
travels. He delighted in the suc-
cesses and accomplishments of his
two sons, his daughter, and his
He loved all children, and he
had a special way with them. One
of the greatest tributes that could
be paid to this great man came
during his funeral service, when
200 Primary children from the
Weber Heights Stake, all dressed
in white, sat quietly, reverently,
and respectfully through a 90-
minute service and then rose to
sing one of his favorite songs, "I
Am a Child of God." As their
sweet voices softly chimed through
the Tabernacle, one couldn't help
feeling that here indeed was testi-
mony to the words given in tribute
to Elder Critchlow by President
N. Eldon Tanner: "His life was his
message to the world." O
Highlights in Elder Critch-
August 21, 1892: Born in
Brigham City, Utah, a
son of William J. and
Anna Gregerson Critchlow
August 20, 1924: Married
Anna Maria Taylor in
the Salt Lake Temple
December 7, 1941: Sus-
tained as first president
of the South Ogden
October 16, 1958: Set
apart as an Assistant to
the Council of the Twelve
August 29, 1968: Died in
Ogden, Utah, at the age
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Illustrated by Jeanne L'ndortt
• Living richly and happily in the gospel framework
presents a challenge to the single Latter-day Saint
woman. Meeting that challenge with resilience, cre-
ativity, and perspective can bring lasting satisfaction
and peace of mind. The LDS woman of any age
can turn months or years of waiting for a right eternal
partner into a period of productive living and pre-
paring, by learning to see life in its eternal perspec-
tive, by using valuable years to develop personal
resources, and most important, by learning concretely
to give, love, and serve. She may, if she is willing,
see her single years as a gift of time to be used wisely;
thus, her life may be enriched by "creative waiting"—
not impoverished by empty time -marking.
Concern about marriage is both common and easily
understandable in view of LDS teachings. The gospel
offers its members and the world at large, as one of
its most important teachings, a strong emphasis on
the eternal benefits of family life. Because this won-
derful principle is so frequently emphasized, many
LDS girls reach maturity feeling that marriage is
the only measure of their worth. As a result, some
older single women may become understandably
sensitive to constant reminders (eternal values nights,
sacrament meeting addresses) that they are not
achieving an important eternal goal. Perhaps the
most consistent pressure upon older single men and
women, and the most difficult to withstand, is the
well-meaning but thoughtless advice of friends and
relatives who do not seem to realize that most single
people are keenly aware of their status and usually
would be happy to change it.
Nevertheless, despite these pressures and occasional
reminders that they are "out of step," many LDS
single women have developed the ability to respond
to life joyfully and positively. By doing so, they
translate their single years into meaningful contribu-
tions to church, community, and fellowman. This
they do by developing and relying on firm faith in
God and by learning to look at marriage as an im-
portant milestone that may be reached at almost any
point on the endless path of eternal life.
It is common in our society for women to reach
maturity believing that being single is the greatest
obstacle to achieving complete happiness. A promi-
nent psychiatrist writes of college-age women: "The
median age of girls when they marry is now about
twenty and the preoccupation with marriage becomes
fairly persistent when this age is past. . . . Today a
young lady of twenty-one who is still single is apt to
think of herself as an old maid." 1
Thus, if a woman reaches her thirties or forties still
unmarried, she often considers herself unattractive or
undesirable. These feelings may lead to chronic dis-
couragement with herself and with life in general. In
experiencing this problem, some single women do not
realize that succumbing completely to discouragement
is, in a very real sense, denying God the power to
answer prayers and to act in their lives. If a woman
believes that even her Father in heaven cannot or
will not help her, she has then replaced faith with
doubt, for the two cannot exist simultaneously. Occa-
sional periods of doubt are normal, but prolonged
discouragement can seriously weaken faith. The
antidote to such discouragement is unwavering belief
that God cannot fail to answer righteous prayers. He
may do so in his own time, but he cannot fail. This
] Carl Binger, M.D., "The Pressures on College Girls Today," The
Atlantic (February 1961). (Reprinted in A Reading Approach to
College Writing with permission of Dr. Carl Binger and Appleton-
Century-Crofts, Inc. )
"The real problem is not of being
single, but of discovering .. .ways
of single living."
kind of faith is not easily acquired, but it can be
cultivated like any skill by constant practice and
application. The words of the Lord confirm his
"Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall
find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:
"For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that
seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be
"Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask
bread, will he give him a stone?
"Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?
"If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts
unto your children, how much more shall your Father
which is in heaven give good things to them that
ask him?" (Matt. 7:7-11.)
The Lord will respond in his own time and in his
own way to the righteous and divinely approved
desire to marry— if not in this life, then certainly
in the next. Therefore, faith must be accompanied
by a long-range view— an eternal perspective of life,
Such a view implies that finding a suitable eternal
partner at 38 or 48 or 58 or not at all is no indi-
cation of failure. It is merely a manifestation of
the eternal principle of timing in a woman's life:
"To every thing there is a season, and a time to every
purpose under the heaven." (Ecc. 3:1.) The true
worth of a life is measured not by the age at which
a woman enters into marriage, or even if she doesn't
marry at all, but by the ways in which she has blessed
the lives of others.
The real problem, then, is not one of being single,
but of discovering and practicing successful ways of
single living. John Milton in his famous poem "On
His Blindness" reminded the world that "they also
serve who only stand and wait." How that differs
from the common phrase, "sit and wait"! "Standing"
suggests rising to meet the challenge, readiness, alert
and attentive living— not dull and non-productive
existing. Single women who live happy and rewarding
Maureen Derrick Keeler, instructor in English at Brig-
ham Young University and member of the BYU Sec-
ond Stake YWMIA presidency, wrote this article after
sensing that many unmarrieds feel out of place — even
guilty — in an environment that so strongly emphasizes
marriage. A June 1968 bride, she reports she became
"so engrossed in the subject that my engagement
took me completely by surprise."
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lives successfully meet their challenge in at least
three ways: (1) They use their single years to de-
velop talents and resources by becoming involved in
life. (2) They cultivate warm, healthy relationships
with others. (3) They find creative ways to give
love and service outside the framework of marriage.
Women who "wait creatively" understand well that
life yields up its greatest rewards to those who be-
come deeply involved in the Church, in their careers,
in their education, or in any activity they undertake.
They learn to use wisely the enviable resources that
most single women enjoy, such as more time, greater
personal freedom, greater mobility, and greater earn-
ing power. This enhances their value as professional
women, as Church members, and as future home-
makers. They seek jobs that challenge and satisfy
them, not jobs that are merely excuses for passing
time. They live in compatible and attractive sur-
roundings where they can put down roots rather
than "camping" in first one area and then another.
They fill their lives with traveling, reading new books,
making new friendships, and gaining new experiences
that widen their intellectual horizons and increase
their knowledge of human nature. In short, they
base their lives on the premise that marriage by itself
cannot fill an empty life, but that a full, well-lived
life can enrich a marriage.
No woman who cultivates close friendships, among
both married and single people, must be alone unless
she wants to be. Single years may be either a time
to build defensive walls against people or a time to
make many new friends and to strengthen ties with
old ones. The woman who makes the effort to build
friendships is happier for having done so. For women
who find it difficult to communicate with others
easily and happily, the single years are an excellent
time to solve the problem by seeking carefully chosen
professional help. Making friends has major advan-
tages for both the present and the future. Lessons
learned in the give and take of social relations-
compromise, consideration, sacrifice, outward (as op-
posed to inward) focus— can be applied later in
marriage. For the present, good friends, like good
books and good music, can sustain, stimulate, and
Perhaps the most important skill that successful
single women share is finding concrete ways to love
and serve. They can work in many positions in the
Church. They often choose full-time careers that
require development of service. If they don't, they
may pursue part-time or volunteer work in hospitals,
senior citizens' organizations, or special education
centers. Being single does not exempt them from
sharing love with anyone. Opportunities for learning
unselfish giving are as near as a family, friend, room-
mate, or next-door neighbor, and there are few traits
more valuable or important in a marriage. As her
experience in loving and serving deepens, so does a
woman's capacity to give and to live the gospel more
fully. Thus, in a third important way, she is preparing
herself for eternal married life.
Perhaps the whole philosophy of creative waiting
can best be summarized in this way: Life should be
lived as though the journey were an end in itself.
Successful single women do not wait to be the women
they want to be. For them, fulfillment lies not in
anxious waiting for the future, but in loving, giving,
and living in the present. O
By Maureen Cannon
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• Norma Schofield, cashier and office
manager of The Improvement Era for
25 years, died on August 19.
Whether accepting a subscription at
the counter, aiding a teen-ager through
her first day on her first job, or attend-
ing to all the details of an Era Citation
Dinner, her loving concern and quiet
efficiency brought the feeling: "It's
good to be here."
Norma came to the Era upon the
completion of her Spanish-American
mission in the early 1940's. Thirsting
for more activity among her Spanish-
American amigos, she affiliated with
the Mexican Branch in Salt Lake City
and was soon working with the teen-
At her funeral on August 22 in the
Spanish-American Lucero Ward, Salt
Lake City, one of those first teens, now
grown tall in responsibility and true in
the gospel, said: "Norma was more
than a friend; she was our sister."
Writing to her parents, brother, and
sisters, Elder Richard L. Evans of the
Council of the Twelve and editor of the
Era said: "Your beloved Norma has
been with us as a trusted staff mem-
ber of the Era and the Church for
these many years, always doing her
share and much more. . . . We know
of no lack of faithfulness of perfor-
mance in her life, and have the assur-
ance that Norma will be welcomed
where she has gone, and receive from
our Father the wonderful words, 'Well
done, thou good and faithful servant.' "
Others will certainly fill the void of
Norma's leaving, and the work of the
Era will proceed. But thousands will
miss her. At times like these, earth
is indeed poorer and heaven seems
much richer, a little closer, and more
A New Look at the
Pearl of Great Price
By Dr. Hugh Nibley
FACSIMILE NO. 1
A Unique Document
Scenes from the Grand Temple of Philae show various lion-couch ment. Critics have scoffed at Joseph Smith's declaration that
drawings, informing us that not all such scenes depict embalm- Facsimile 1 is a sacrificial scene, not an embalming scene.
• Hand or Wing? The earliest
and latest scholarly critics of the
facsimiles have insisted that the
bird in Facsimile 1 should have a
human head. 45 Though the bird's
head, being on the edge of the
papyrus, was broken off even be-
fore it was mounted, enough of the
neck fortunately remains to show
that it never bore a human head.
And so the original again comes to
the rescue to refute the Approved
Another near miss has preserved
just enough of "Abraham's" hands
to show us that they were hands—
both of them. This is a critical
point on which Professor Parker's
interpretation must stand or fall.
He tells us that "the apparent upper
hand is part of the wing of a sec-
ond bird. . . ." In favor of such an
interpretation is only the fact that
two birds are represented in ap-
proximately the positions indicated
in a number of other drawings
showing men on lion couches. Of
course, if all lion-couch figures
were accompanied by two birds,
then we would be pretty well stuck
with a second bird; but actually the
two birds are the rare exception,
one bird being the rule, though
three are fairly common. 40 More to
the point, in all documents obtain-
able in which birds appear regard-
less of their number, their wings are
drawn according to the same artis-
tic convention, exactly as the wings
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New Area Addresses
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on our Facsimile 1 have been
drawn, and no wings are to be
found done in the manner of Pro-
fessor Parker's hypothetical second
But if we are not required by
statistics to supply a second bird,
the same statistics are even less in
favor of a second hand, which if it
really exists makes our picture quite
unique. So the issue is still in the
balance until we take a closer look
—then the wing disappears.
1. First of all, the immediate
proximity of a real bird to the
imaginary one shows us clearly
enough how this particular artist
draws wings, and his method is in
total agreement with all wing-
drawing in those compositions
which show hawks hovering over
people's middles. Dr. Parker him-
self tells us that the two birds in
this particular picture are sisters,
and indeed, they usually figure as
identical twins. 47 Why then should
they be drawn, as nowhere else,
according to different conventions
and as different types? The accom-
panying illustrations will show how
closely the two birds resemble each
other when they appear together as
the supine figure, as he does here,
there is never a second bird pres-
ent. 48 Indeed, one can hardly re-
construct the scene according to
Professor Parker's directions with-
out getting a startling, unique, and
3. But if our two birds' wings
do not match, the two hands most
certainly do: (a) By an odd coin-
cidence, they are exactly in the
right position and at the right angle
to represent a pair of hands, (b) As
a magnified view of the hands will
show, they are drawn exactly alike:
the upper hand has strange twig-
like fingers— six of them, not count-
ing the thumb, and so also the
lower hand, which no one will deny
is a hand, has the same number of
just such twig-like fingers, (c)
Furthermore, examination of the
original document makes it clear
that the fuzzy or dotted sketching
of part of the fingers of the upper
hand is due entirely to the fraying
of the papyrus fibers near the
broken edge and is not an attempt
to represent feathers, (d) The
thumbs of both hands are strongly
and unmistakably marked and
drawn just alike, both being desig-
nated by short, heavy lines stand
2. The position of the priest's
arm and whatever he is holding
interferes drastically with the act
of procreation indicated by Profes-
sor Parker. There is nothing like
the feet of the figure on the couch,
scenes; when the central bird is
present, the Anubis priest always
stands well off to one side, beyond
the feet of the figure on the couch,
holding his hands upraised before
his face, or bearing oil and ban-
When the priest stands by
ing well apart from the fingers and
properly curved as thumbs should
be. The thumb of the upper hand
is especially clearly and emphatical-
ly delineated. An eighteenth
dynasty "canonical master draw-
ing" in the British Museum shows
us how thumbs should be drawn,
Egyptian style, and leaves not the
slightest doubt that the heavy line
on the upper hand is a thumb and
not a feather. 48a Where in such
scenes, or in Egyptian art in gen-
eral, does one ever find the lowest
pinion of a hawk's wing so strange-
ly designated? Eminent Egyptol-
ogists are used to studying original
documents, and Dr. Parker was un-
derstandably reluctant to base
interpretations on poor reproduc-
tions; properly photographed or
magnified, the two hands stand out
clearly for what they are.
4. But if only one hand is raised
by the reclining figure, where is the
other hand? Professor Parker knows
where it should be: ". . . the left
arm of Osiris is in reality lying at
his side under him." In reality? In
all the representations in which
Osiris raises a hand, the other hand
and arm are clearly shown beneath
the body, the fingers reaching well
down below the hip almost to the
knee in an ample space provided
for them between the body and the
couch. And all that is precisely
what we do not find in our papyrus
—here, "in reality," there is no arm
or hand under the body, and no
room is provided for them, though
more than enough of the papyrus
is preserved to show where they
should be. 49
5. And then there is the matter
of the knife. Since Professor
Parker's attention was directed en-
tirely to photographs of the papy-
rus, as was proper, and not to the
facsimile, he makes no mention of
the knife in the priest's hand. Of
course, if his interpretation is cor-
rect, then there was no knife, and
we must allow Dr. Lythgoe's claim
that the Mormons have drawn it
into the hand of the priest. But
the other experts saw nothing
wrong with the knife. Back in 1903
Budge's colleague at the British
Museum, Henry Woodward, saw in
Facsimile 1 "an embalmer, knife
in hand, preparing to disembowel a
dead body to embalm it!" 50 Von
Bissing saw "the soul leaving the
body the moment when the priest
is opening the body with a knife
for mummification."" 1 And at the
present time Professor George R.
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Hughes of the Oriental Institute at
Chicago obliges with an explana-
tion: "The embalming of a deceased
person, or rather the operation
preparatory to mummification. (1)
The deceased's soul or spirit ... it
is usually shown as a human-headed
bird. . . . [Fac. 1, Fig. 3] is the
embalmer-priest who is usually
shown wearing a jackal-headed
mask. . . . He has in his hand a
knife ready to make an incision in
the abdomen." 52
Thus, the knife remains a respect-
able object and fits nicely into an
embalming scene. What made;
Lythgoe suspicious was the peculiar
form of the knife, and rightly so,
since it was badly copied in the
reproduction Spalding sent to him.
In the 1842 engravings the thing
has a different shape, like a thin
crescent moon. Here we are specu-
lating, to be sure, but not without
some reason, for Herman Kees sug-
gested that the knife used by the
Egyptians for human sacrifice had
to be shaped like a thin new
moon, 5:! and in one of the oldest
Abraham legends we are told that
the knife used by the patriarch to
sacrifice Isaac "was a sharp knife,
lusting after flesh, and crescent-
shaped like the new-moon.""' 3 But
more of this later.
Unique, Uniquer, Uniquest: At
this point, we are not ready to dis-
cuss the significance of the oddities
in the facsimiles of the Book of
Abraham; our first concern is
simply to show that such oddities
do exist, and thereby refute the
most serious charge against Joseph
Smith, that of mistaking thoroughly
typical and commonplace docu-
ments for something unusual. The
facsimiles are in fact most unusual
documents, all three of them. The
only one over which we have any
real control at present is Facsimile
1, and of this we have not been
able to discover a single one of
the supposedly "innumerable" and
"identical" parallels. We are not
referring to minute differences of
detail, but to major and conspicu-
ous discrepancies. We have dug
up over a hundred lion-couch
scenes, many of which may be con-
sidered significantly like our papy-
rus/' 1 But how do they compare
with it? That is the question.
In the past those who have really
wanted to blast the Pearl of Great
Price out of the water have printed
reproductions of just any hypo-
cephalus or lion-couch scene with
the calm assurance that the mere
sight of anything that looks like
any of the facsimiles would be
enough to spread consternation
among the Saints and forever dis-
qualify any and all statements of
the Prophet. The idea that these
various documents might be sub-
jected to serious comparative study
with a real interest in the myriad
questions they raise was the far-
thest thing from the minds of those
who published them.
Whenever like but not identical
documents are placed side by side
for study, two problems present
themselves: (a) to explain the re-
semblances between them, and (b)
to explain the differences. The
favorite game of comparative
scholarship since the mid-nine-
teenth century has been the hunt
for resemblances while discounting
differences, a practice cultivated to
a fine art by the evolutionists and
very well and clearly demonstrated
by the critics of the Book of Abra-
ham. These latter constantly
pointed to the general resemblance
of the facsimiles to other documents
while stubbornly refusing to ac-
knowledge any of the conspicuous
points of difference, attributing
everything simply to bad copying.
But however "suspicious" and even
"damning" the resemblances may
appear, it is not enough to say, for
example, that since ancient myth
and ritual are full of remarkable
parallels to the death and resurrec-
tion of Christ, the New Testament
must be rejected as history. To do
that is to overlook both the great
number of interesting hypotheses
capable of explaining the sup-
posedly devastating resemblances
and the no less numerous questions
raised by the swarming discrepan-
cies and contrasts.
"Well-known" was a favorite ex-
pression of these critics, and we
are still being told that Facsimile 1
is "a well-known scene from the
Osiris mysteries" ( Parker ) and that
it belongs to "a well-known class
of documents" (Young), as if that
explained everything. But we can-
not drop the discussion there; just
as Egyptologists had to learn by
long experience that it was unwise
to label everything found in a tomb
as funerary in nature, so the stu-
dent is admonished today not to
leap to conclusions every time he
sees a lion-couch. A useful study
reminds us that the expression "he
who is on his couch" can refer to
anything from Osiris in the Under-
world to a solid citizen taking 20
winks on a warm afternoon. 55 It
is surprising how often an otherwise
well-known scene is converted by a
few minor alterations into some-
thing not at all well-known, as
when by altering the names of
participants "the Cairo papyrus has
seriously distorted the meaning of
the ritual," which is otherwise
a well-known scene, 51 ' or when a
well-known scene from the Book
of the Dead loses its well-known
meaning by another such change
of names: "It would be easy to find
numerous parallels to each of
these figures," writes G. Nagel of
the scene, "but that would not
mean much," 57 i.e., the numerous
parallels no matter how well-known
are not enough in themselves to
identify every scene in which they
occur. N. M. Da vies reports on
another document, "wholly conven-
tional in its subjects," which isn't
conventional at all because it "dis-
plays certain details and peculiari-
ties of treatment that are, so far as
my knowledge goes, unique." 5S The
substitution of one divinity for
another in a series of lion-couch
scenes changes the normal resurrec-
tion motif, according to Derchain,
to "an astral or calendrical myth"
with special emphasis on the flood-
ing of the Nile, 59 and by another
such alteration the figure on the
couch ceases to be Osiris and be-
comes a dead person "identified
with a complex entity" who re-
mains quite mysterious. 60
Such alterations, which convert
familiar scenes into unfamiliar
ones, are by no means more radical
than those that confront the stu-
Richard L. Evans
The Spoken Word
The "get-out-from-under" attitude
There is sometimes evident an attitude of wanting to get out from
under, wanting not to be accountable to anyone. Young people,
for example, sometimes choose to move away from home and
family and friends. Work, education, opportunities in other areas are
often good reasons. But to leave just to cut loose, just to go it alone,
just to be free from being accountable to anyone may well not be wise.
And before we feel we want to get away, to get out from under, we
ought honestly to make sure we don't want it for the wrong reasons. No
one is always safe. No one can know when he may become ill, or have
an accident, or find himself in some serious situation. No one knows all
the answers. No one can be sure he is self-sufficient. Besides, others
have much invested in us. Others have taught us, trained us, nursed
and nourished us, loved us, and given us part of their lives— parents,
teachers, doctors, friends, family have done this and much more, and
they have a right to an interest in us, and we have an obligation to
recognize that right. There is also the fact that if we are alone and
without the interest of others, we could become indifferent and deteriorate.
Much of our performance is for others and not for us. We do our best
when others expect it of us. If life were simply a matter of satisfying
our selfish selves, there wouldn't be much progress or improvement. The
faith and interest of others leads us to be better— and surely we wouldn't,
for the wrong reasons, want to separate ourselves from stabilizing factors
and influences, and place ourselves in a position that would make it
easier to lower standards or lose the most precious things a person can
possess: virtue, honesty, honor, respect, excellence of purpose and per-
formance. Almost anything can happen to almost anyone, and the
"cut loose," "get-out-from-under," "leave-me-alone" attitude, in this sense,
isn't sensible or safe. To cite a significant sentence: "There is no such
thing in human existence as being so high you're not responsible to
Lawrence A. Appley, Managers in Action.
* "The Spoken Word" from Temple Square,
presented over KSL and the Columbia Broadcasting System August 11, 1968.
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dent of Facsimile 1. How is this
document to be classified? The
student who looks over a hundred
or so lion-couch scenes will readily
recognize that they fall into a num-
ber of clear-cut categories, the
principal ones being these:
1. First, there are a number of
drawings, usually small ones, of a
mummy reposing on a lion-couch
all alone, unaccompanied by any
other figure, peacefully awaiting
the resurrection as it lies in state.
It is simply the mummy on its bier.
2. There are quite a few em-
balming scenes, often plainly la-
beled as such, with Anubis
approaching with bandages and/or
ointment, or working with his hands
on or over the mummy. This scene
is not to be confused with No. 1,
A close examination of Fac. 1 shows the
above as Abraham's hands, and not wings.
and is sometimes shown as a sequel
3. Then there are many resur-
rection or resuscitation scenes, such
as the famous "Awakening of
Osiris" in the Temple of Apet at
Luxor: "The Neter [god] is begin-
ning to move himself, bending his
right arm and raising his left foot." 61
4. There are a number of pro-
creation scenes in which the
mummy is begetting his divine
successor or reincarnation.
Now the question is, to which of
these well-known scenes or classes
does our Facsimile 1 belong? This
is exactly what the experts have
never been able to agree on. Some
have designated it most emphati-
cally as an embalming scene; others
like Breasted saw in it a resurrec-
tion, and now Professor Parker tells
us it is a mystic marriage. All the
authorities have good reason for
their opinions; the elements of all
the episodes are undeniably pres-
ent in our little sketch, or else
experienced scholars would not
have seen them there so clearlv.
But which is the predominant
theme? The difficulty of answering
that question is quite enough in
itself to brand our document as
unique. And now some European
scholars are suggesting a new and
neglected category for some of the
lion-couch spectacles, namely, that
they are really sacrificial scenes.
This, of course, rings a tiny bell for
Joseph Smith, and we shall have to
look at these new studies quite
closely. Until now none of the
a different position, there being no
bird at the head of the mummy;
(2) Anubis has both hands raised,
not one hand lowered; (3) the
figure on the couch has only one
hand raised, while (4) the bird
above him has a proper wing, not
something that looks like a hand;
(5) the man on the couch wears
no clothes, (6) but does wear the
nm's headdress and rests his head
on a pillow; (7) his left arm and
hand are plainly visible, held well
apart from his body; ( 8 ) two ladies
are in attendance; (9) a figure with
a Horus mask is also assisting;
(10) there are no Canopic jars
under the couch, there is no croco-
dile, and no pylons, etc.; (11)
stereotyped and familiar inscrip-
tions accompany the drawing— the
inscriptions on the Mormon papy-
rus are completely different; (12)
Anubis is quite differently attired
Canonical drawings by 18th Dynasty Egyp-
tian artist shows the way to draw thumbs.
critics of the Joseph Smith papyri
has bothered to mention them.
To show how hard it is to pin
down our facsimile, we invite the
reader to compare it with the
closest parallel in our collection. An
Egyptologist may be able to ex-
plain the significance of an arm or
a bird (though it is precisely in
matters of significance that the
experts have always disagreed most
widely among themselves, and still
do), but any intelligent child can
usually spot an arm or a bird when
he sees one in a picture, and it
needs no trained specialist to
recognize at least a dozen points
of difference between our two
sketches when they are placed side
by side. Notice that in the non-
Mormon papyrus ( 1 ) the bird is in
Richard L. Evans
The Spoken Word
The swift passing of a season is always sobering— for "time," said
Benjamin Franklin "is the stuff life is made of." 1 And while we
have a conviction that in the eternal sense time is limitless, what we
can now foresee passes swiftly. And yet often we splinter it away with
less thought, less purpose, less accomplishment than time is entitled to.
"At times," said Emerson, "the whole world seems to be in conspiracy
to importune you with emphatic trifles." 2 It is true that other people
splinter our lives into trifles if we let them, and often we ourselves do the
same. Often we let our lives be cluttered with encumbrances— with
bits and pieces and paraphernalia— with "emphatic trifles," as Emerson
said. And while we don't want to be slaves to unreasoning routine, we
ought to recognize the waste when time is not well used— for "time,"
said Diogenes, "is the most valuable thing that a man can spend."
"Don't waste time," pleaded Arthur Brisbane. "Don't waste it in idleness;
don't waste it in regretting the time already wasted; don't waste it in
dissipation; don't waste it in resolutions a thousand times repeated, never
to be carried out. Don't waste your time. Use all of it. Sleep, work,
rest, think. Save part of the time of yesterday by saving part of the
money earned yesterday. . . . The best of us have already wasted time
enough. . . . Remember that however much time you have wasted
already, you have time enough left [for some accomplishment and re-
covery] if you will use it . . . while life and time remain." 3 Passing and
trivial things should not be allowed unduly to take us away from more
productive pursuits, nor should we let others often distract us with
trifles that take us away from our work. "At times the whole world
seems to be in conspiracy to importune you with emphatic trifles." 2
'Benjamin Franklin, "The Way to Wealth."
■''Arthur Brisbane, as reprinted in Sunshine Magazine.
* "The Spoken Word" from Temple Square,
presented over KSL and the Columbia Broadcasting System July 28, 1968.
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in the two pictures. One could
easily add to the list, but it might
well be objected that this is only
one document chosen for compari-
son, even if it is the nearest one in
general appearance, and that
among the numerous other lion-
couch scenes are those in which
each single element in the Joseph
Smith papyrus could be matched.
But this is not so; on many points
our little sketch remains quite
unique. Here are some of them:
1. Question: Of the hundred
other figures on lion-couches, how
many have both hands raised? An-
swer: None. Professor Parker is
therefore statistically justified in
being suspicious. So we pursue
our statistics further:
2. How many of these figures
have one hand upraised without
having the other clearly visible,
placed under the body in a space
provided for it? Answer: None,
though we know of one example in
which the hand is shown beside
the body, but very clearly shown,
almost touching the knee.
3. How many other scenes show
the figure on the couch clothed in
the manner here shown? Answer:
None. All are either nude or fully
invested as mummies.
4. In how many is this figure
wearing anklets or slippers? An-
5. In how many are the couch,
the figure on the couch, and the
priest out of line with each other
in the strange manner of the Abra-
ham papyrus? Answer: None; we
have no replicas in which the artist
has made any such blunder or any-
thing comparable to it.
6. How many have crocodiles
beneath the couch? Answer: None.
7. How many have hatched lines
designated as "expanse, or firma-
ment"? Answer: None of the others
has such a design.
8. How many have the twelve
gates or "pillars of heaven" or any-
thing like them? Answer: None.
9. How many show the lotus
and offering table, otherwise com-
mon in Egyptian religious and
secular scenes? Answer: None.
10. How many show the resur-
rection, procreation, or embalming
scene without the presence of the
two ladies (Isis and Nephthys)
and/or other dignitaries? Answer:
11. Granting Dr. Parker's recon-
struction, when a bird is shown
flying over the middle of the couch,
how often is Anubis in the position
shown? Answer: Never.
12. How often is any bird shown
with wings drawn in the manner
Professor Parker indicates? Answer:
13. How many have inscriptions
matching those in the Pearl of
Great Price papyrus? Answer:
None, though nearly all of them
have stereotyped inscriptions desig-
nating the nature of the scene.
So our manuscript is different.
But is it significantly different? In
looking at it beside the others, we
miss the august figures of the gods
standing by and the solemn re-
ligious dignity they give to the
other compositions as they kneel in
mourning, stand guard, raise hands
in praise, or make magical passes.
At the same time we are impressed
by the rather massive additions—
the unfamiliar writing that frames
the scene on either side, and the
stage-like foundation of elements
found in none of the other papyri.
True, every individual sign and
figure can be matched rather easily
somewhere else, just as every word
on this page can be found in almost
any English book, but it is the com-
bination of perfectly ordinary signs
that makes extraordinary composi-
tions, and we may well repeat the
words of Professor Nagel: "It would
be easy to find numerous parallels
to each of these figures, but that
would not mean much. . . ." For
the combination here is different.
We have just noted that for an
Egyptian document to be con-
sidered unique, it does not have to
be spectacularly different from all
others: it can resemble scores of
others in almost every particular
and still have a message to convey
that is quite distinct from theirs.
Whether our facsimiles belong to
this maverick type remains to be
4B Deveria, op. cit., p. 195, and Prof. G. E.
Hughes, op. cit. supra, note 37.
* 8 In the copies at our disposal (see note 54
below) are only two scenes with two birds in
them, as against seven with three birds, 22
with one bird, and one with five birds.
47 Parker, loc. cit. supra, note 23; Budge,
The Gods of the Egyptians (London, 1904),
Vol. 2, pp. 254-58. "Isis and Nephythys were
. . . associated inseparably with each other . . .
and in all important matters . . . they acted
together." Ibid., p. 258.
^The reproduction here given, after Lanzone,
Dizionario, Plate CCXC, is the nearest thing to
the Mormon papyrus.
^Reproduced in Erik Iversen, in Journal of
Egyptian Archaeology, Vol. 46 ( 1960 ) pp. 71-
79, PI. XVI.
4U There is one representation, from Denderah,
in which the lower hand is not beneath but
laid alongside the body, but hand and arm
are very clearly depicted, the fingers reaching
well down almost to the knee, in Revue
d'Egyptologie, Vol. 15 (1963), p. 17, Fig. 4.
soCited in Era, Vol. 16, p. 342.
5l In Spalding, op. cit., p. 30.
52 Hughes, in letter cited above, note 37.
53 Hermann Kees, in Zeitschrift fuer Aegyp-
tische Sprache, Vol. 78 (1942), pp. 47f.
M The best source of "lion-couch" scenes is
F. A. F. Mariette, Denderah (Paris, 1875),
Vol. 4, Plates 65ff, most of which is repro-
duced in R. V. Lanzone, Dizionario di Mitologia
Egizia (Turin, 1885), Plates 30, 63, 64, 261
(3 scenes), 262, 265, 268, 269, 270, 271
(2 scenes), 272 (2 scenes), 273, 274 (2
scenes), 276, 277 (2 scenes), 278, 279, 280,
281, 282 (2 scenes), 284, 285, 286, 287, 288,
289, 290, 291. Sixteen of these are reproduced in
E. A. W. Budge, The Gods of the Egyptians
.(London: Methuen, 1904), Vol. 2, pp. 132-37,
and there are others in his Osiris ( New York :
University Books, 1961), Vol. 2, pp. 22-57,
including some not found in Lanzone, i.e., on
pp. 22, 23, 24, 30, 45, 48, 49, 51, 53. More
in A. Moret, Mysteres Egyptiens (Paris, 1913),
pp. 51, 53, 57 (2 scenes), 60, opp. 64. Other
examples may be found in Journal of Egyptian
Archaeology, Vol. 4 (1918), p. 143; Vol. 17
(1931), Plates 56, 57 (3 scenes); Vol. 24
(1938), p. 30, fig. 9: in Chronique d'Egypte,
Vol. 19 (1943), pp. 195-97, figs. 27, 28, 29,
30 (2 scenes), and Vol. 34 (1959), p. 74,
fig. 5; also in Zeitschrift fuer Aegyptische
Sprache, Vol. 55 (1919), p. 51, and Reccuil de
Travaux, Vol. 21 (1899), p. 146, and Vol. 37
seen. But what we have seen is
that one of them, at least, the one
with which we are at present con-
cerned, departs from the standard
patterns in so many particulars as
to render it worthy of closer atten-
tion than anyone has so far been
willing to give it. O
(To be continued)
(1915), pp. 121, 125; Bibliotheque Egyptologi-
que, Vol. 3 (1894), Plate XI; Bulletin de
I'Institute Francais d'Arch. Orientale, Vol. 28
(1929), p. 47; Egyptian Religion, Vol. 3
(1935), p. 144; Ancient Egypt, Vol. 1 (1914),
p. 21, fig. 17. Lion-couch scenes pre most
easily found in large editions of the Book of
the Dead: R. Lepsius, Das Todtenbuch der
Aegyptcr (Leipzig, 1842), Plates 8, 33, 74,
75; Edonard Naville, Papyrus Funeraires de
la XXe Dynastie (Paris, 1912), Plate 1, and
Das Aegyptische Todtenbuch (Berlin, 1886),
Vol. 2, Plates 1, 3 (5 scenes), 5, 28 (3 scenes),
173, 174, 187, 207; T. G. Allen, The Egyptian
Book of the Dead (Chicago University, 1960),
Plates 26. 48, 49, 60, 70, 94; E. A. W. Budge,
The Book of the Dead, Papyrus of Ani (New
York, London, 1913), Vol. 3, Plates 7, 17, 34.
Unusual versions may be found in H. K.
Beupsch, Thesurus Inscriptionum Aegypt'acarum
(Leipzig, 1883-1891), Nos. 749, 750, 784,
789; also in Life magazine, June 7, 1968, two
scenes: one is discussed in E. Otto, Das
Aegyptische Mundoeffnungsritual (Wiesbaden:
Harrassowitz, 1960), p. 74, Abb. 12; and in
Ad. Ennan, Religion der Aegypter (1934), p.
293, fig. 121. There is a small lion-couch
vignette in the "Joseph Smith Papyri" (photo
in Era, Vol. 71 [February 1968], p. 40F). Other
references will be given in subsequent articles.
An actual lion-couch was found in the Tomb
of Tutankhamon; its ritual significance is noted
by A. Piankoff, The Shrines of Tutankhamon
(Harper Torch Books, 1962), p. 36.
BB V. S. Golenischchev, Catalogue General des
Antiquities Egyptiennes du Musee de Caire,
Papyrus Hieratiques (1927), p. 133. Here the
hieroglyph for "couch" is the lion-couch. "It
is difficult to say [writes Golenischchev]
whether the designation of 'he who is on the
couch' refers to the dead god Osiris. One could
just as well think of the king (or, less prob-
ably, of some ordinary individual), who was
thus placed while he slept under the protection
of the gods." On the couch in the Underworld,
E. Otto, Mundoeffnungsritual, Vol. 2, p. 33.
M A. H. Gardiner, Hieratic Papyri in the Brit-
ish Museum, Vol. 1 (1935), p. 101.
57 G. Nagel, in Bulletin de I'Inst. Fr. d'Arch.
Or., Vol. 29 (1929), pp. 30-31.
M N. M. Davies, in Journal of Egyptian
Archaeology, Vol. 32 (1946), p. 69, cf. Plate
B9 Ph. Derchain, Revue d'Egyptologie, Vol. 15
(1963), p. 13.
°°J. Capart, in Chronique d'Egypte, Vol. 19
(1943), pp. 192, 194.
01 A. Varille, in Annales du Service, Vol. 53
(1956), p. 110.
A Dream Grown Tall
By Florence Pedigo Jansson
An oak is but a dream grown tall,
An acorn's upward thrust,
A high resolve that shaped itself
To action born of trust.
An oak is sturdiness endowed
By roots of mighty length
That hold its aspirations high
And give it inner strength.
::::.:..;:.--::.Si id;:;: ^i^iib b>-. . :i;:n^F^;r : = = : :. : : . :.:.: : : : i : :.: :.: : i :
:;;..:■■ ^ .l--^:: .^ ■/■■■ r^
The material below is taken from a research paper on Derby-
shire, showing detailed information on pre-1858 English
probate jurisdictions. The entire report, which includes a
map and color key, may be obtained for 50c from the Gene-
alogical Society, 107 S. Main, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111.
This sample report is one of 18 such probate jurisdiction
reports prepared by the Genealogical Society. The other
reports, which may also be ordered for 50c each, are
on the following English counties: Bedfordshire, Berkshire,
London, Cambridgeshire, Buckinghamshire, Huntingdonshire,
Lincolnshire, Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire, Wiltshire, Hert-
fordshire, Norfolk, Kent, Suffolk, Cheshire, Lancashire, and
Westmorland. All additional counties in England and Wales
will be completed in the near future. These reports may be
obtained by writing the Genealogical Society, 107 S. Main,
Salt Lake City, Utah 84111. Cost is 50c each.
„ :::■ ■-■: . :■■ ■
:: " " a . ^ . '^ : ■: ■'■'■ ■: ■ ■ ..' ■'; " V
• The probate records of England are among the best genealogical sources for direct evidence of rela-
tionships. They are also among the most neglected sources because of the many variations in the ecclesias-
tical jurisdictions that governed the probate of wills prior to 1858. To complete a thorough examination
of the probate records of a certain area, it is necessary to have a guide to the various probate jurisdictions
and the lines of authority followed by the Established Church of England. This is important to ensure
that probate searches will cover the probate records most likely to contain information concerning ancestors.
Almost all pre-1858 wills were proved and letters of administration were granted in ecclesiastical courts,
of which there were over 300. The jurisdictions of these courts did not conform with civil boundaries; thus
for convenience this series has been arranged by county with appropriate cross references. Using it as a
guide, you will receive assistance in locating the exact probate courts to search for any given area with
the least amount of time and effort.
To search a probate jurisdiction:
1. Locate on the map the parish or locality where your ancestor lived.
2. Match the color in which the parish is situated with the color key in the jurisdiction table on the
page opposite the map. This is the appropriate jurisdiction you should search.
3. Search the probate records in the order indicated in the column directly below the appropriate
Example: If your research problem is in the parish of Alfreton, Derbyshire:
a. To help you find Alfreton on the map in this booklet, first find it in a gazetteer. Alfreton is in the area colored
b. Match the green on the map with the green in the color key on the jurisdiction table on the page opposite the
c. Note that Alfreton was under the jurisdiction of the Episcopal Consistory Court of Lichfield.
d. Search the probate records in the other indicated column under that heading:
1. Court of the Bishop of Lichfield
2. Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury
Since civil and ecclesiastical boundaries were not necessarily one and the same, it is important in pre-
1858 probate searches to consider nearby courts, including those situated across county boundaries. Also,
ecclesiastical boundaries and rights were not always observed or may have been changed over the years.
Many peculiar courts closed before 1858. When this occurred, jurisdiction reverted to the local arch-
deaconry and/or diocesan courts.
Most of the records of all pre-1858 probate courts are available on film in the library of the Gene-
alogical Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or in its branch libraries.
On January 11, 1858, all of the ecclesiastical courts were closed and England was divided into civil
probate districts, thus making probate searches comparatively simple after that date. Beginning in 1858,
district probate registrars forwarded copies of all wills and administrations each year to the Principal Pro-
bate Registry, Somerset House, London, where an annual index is maintained. A copy of the master index
1858 to 1957 is on film in the library of the Genealogical Society.
For additional information concerning the value and use of probate records, refer to Genealogical Re-
search in England and Wales, Volume 2, by Gardner and Smith.
Most of Derbyshire was under the jurisdiction of the Court of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry;
hence, the majority of genealogical searches will be in the records of this court and its superiors.
Pre-1858 probate courts having some jurisdiction in Derbyshire were:
Burton-upon-Trent, Court of the Peculiar of (see Staffordshire probate jurisdictions for full details)
::" " :: - :■!:::
■ ^ ; iiii ■■ : " ;; " - ■■::;; ■::.:■ : ."" ■■".. .""
'# : : : IOi>:
Canterbury, Court of the Archbishop of (Prerogative Court of Canterbury, also known as P.C.C.; see London probate
jurisdictions for full details)
Dale Abbey, Court of the Manor of
Hartington, Court of the Peculiar of the Dean of
Lichfield (Cathedral), Court of the Dean and Chapter of (see Staffordshire probate jurisdiction for full details)
Lichfield and Coventry, Court of the Bishop of ( Episcopal Consistory Court of Lichfield and Coventry; see Staffordshire
probate jurisdictions for full details )
Peak Forest, Court of the Peculiar of
Sawley, Court of -the Prebendal Peculiar of (a prebend of Lichfield Cathedral)
The Court of the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield Cathedral claimed jurisdiction over the peculiar of
Peak Forest and during inhibition over the court of the Prebendal Peculiar of Sawley.
The grants made in the Court of the Peculiar of Burton-upon- Trent were made by the Lord of the
Manor of Burton .as successor to the pre-Reformation ecclesiastical peculiar jurisdiction of the Abbey of
Burton-upon-Trent and not as Lord of the Manor of Burton. Chilcote, Derbyshire, was a chapelry in the
parish of Burton-upon-Trent, but was annexed to the parish of Clifton Campville, Staffordshire. Searches
should be made in the Court of the Peculiar of Burton-upon-Trent and the Court of the Bishop of Lich-
field and Coventry.
The Prerogative Court (of the Archbishop) of Canterbury (P.C.C.) claimed sole jurisdiction where the
deceased had bona notabilia (an estate valued at more than five pounds sterling) in two dioceses or in two
peculiars in the province of Canterbury. On some occasions the P.C.C. appears to have made grants even
when there was no foundation of exercising jurisdiction. The P.C.C. also granted probate of wills and
letters of administration for those with property in England, Wales, Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands
who died at sea or overseas. Such persons are distinguished in the calendars (indexes) by the entry
"pts," abbreviation for "parts overseas," instead of the name of the place. Apparently there are grants for
persons having bona notabilia in both provinces or grants for persons dying overseas proved in the courts
of both Canterbury and York. Probate was granted in York (P.C.Y. ) for that part of the estate within the
northern province, and in Canterbury ( P.C.C. ) for that part of the estate in the southern province. Because
of the possibility that the P.C.C. might infringe upon the jurisdiction of York, the records of the Preroga-
tive Court of Canterbury should always be searched when grants relating to estates within the province
of York cannot be found therein. This also applies to estates anywhere in England, Wales, Isle of Man,
and the Channel Islands.
During the Commonwealth Interregnum from 1653 to 1660, the Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury
in the form of a civil court had sole testamentary jurisdiction over all of England and Wales. Since the
Reformation it has been usual for the estates of men of wealth and position to receive grants of probate and
letters of administration in this court. During vacancies in this court between 997 and 1590, some wills were
proved in the Court of the Prior and Chapter of Christ Church, Canterbury, Kent.
Some wills from around 1313-1644, proved either during vacancies or for other reasons from various dio-
ceses within the Province of Canterbury, are recorded in the archiepiscopal registers kept at Lambeth Pal-
ace. The Court of Delegates was also a court of appeal for the provinces of Canterbury and York, includ-
ing their peculiars, royal peculiars, and the Irish probate courts.
The original records of the Courts of the Peculiars of Huntington, Peak Forest, and Sawley are at
the Lichfield Joint Record Office, Public Library, Bird Street, Lichfield. Those of the Court of the Manor
of Dale Abbey are at the Nottinghamshire Record Office, County House, High Pavement, Nottingham. O
October 1968 83
L. KANE by
PRICE OF ONE!
for only . . .
Sentinel in the East
By Albert L. Zobell, Jr.
Events in the life of Colonel Thomas
L. Kane, noble friend of the Saints,
who met the Mormons on the plains
of Iowa in 1846 and became their
mediator with General Johnston's
Army in 1857.
The Life and Ministry of John Morgan
By Arthur Richardson and
Nicholas G. Morgan, Sr.
An interesting history of a truly great
man. L.D.S. convert, Missionary,
Member of The First Council of
Seventy, Civil War Veteran and au-
thor of the famous missionary
pamphlet "The Plan of Salvation."
Clip and Mail
2115 SOUTH 11TH EAST
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH 84106
I enclose check or money order for
$ for which please send me
the book offer "Sentinel In The East"
and "Life of John Morgan."
OR PICK UP AT PEHRSON'S SUGAR-
The Presiding Bishop
Talks to Youth About:
"No legacy is so
, rich as honesty."
By Bishop John H. Vandenberg
• Have you ever examined an apple seed and realized
that within that small object are the components with
the potential of becoming roots, trunk, bark, limb,
leaves, blossoms, fruit, and other seeds, with the same
potential? It is amazing to realize the great possi-
bilities that are stored up in a small seed.
Science has found that within one of the most
minute particles is one of the great known powers
in the universe— atomic power.
Small acts, like the seeds and the atom, are often
the sources of powerful determining factors in a life.
The Lord has said, ". . . out of small things proceed-
eth that which is great." (D&C 64:33.) Certainly this
is most true as it pertains to acts involving honesty.
Honesty is the very foundation of character. No
virtue can be possessed until a person is honest. The
power of simple acts of honesty can be portrayed by
examining the life of one of the greatest Americans,
a man whose very name has come to be identified
with honesty— President Abraham Lincoln. Honesty cannot be compromised. Karl G. Maeser,
Lincoln was born into abject poverty. He was de- the great pioneer educator, gave an excellent descrip-
prived of any formal education. He knew want and tion of honesty. He said, "I have been asked what I
hunger. In many respects Lincoln seemed relegated mean by word of honor.' I will tell you. Place me
to a life based on nothing much greater than the behind prison walls— walls of stone ever so high, ever
pursuit of survival. However, his father had taught so thick, reaching ever so far into the ground— there
him to be honest. And in this regard Shakespeare is a possibility that in some way or another I may be
said, "No legacy is so rich as honesty." Certainly this able to escape; but stand me on the floor and draw a
proved true in Lincoln's case. chalk line around me and have me give my word of
In the day-to-day activities of life, Lincoln experi- honor never to cross it. Can I get out of that circle?
enced the blessings of honesty. On one occasion his No, never! I'd die first."
younger sister, against her mother's strict instruction, The importance of honesty cannot be overstated,
followed Abe into the woods where he was splitting Throughout the scriptures the Lord has charged us
rails. Being somewhat playful, she sneaked up be- to be 'honest. From Sinai he charged ancient Israel
hind Abe and screamed. Caught by surprise, Abe with the injunction, "Thou shalt not bear false wit-
fell, and the axe cut his sister's leg. He tore strips off ness. . . ." (Exod. 20:16.) In the meridian of time
his shirt and bandaged the wound. Then he asked we find this same charge (Phil. 4:8); to the Nephites
her, "What will you tell Mother?" She replied, "I'll the command was the same (Mosiah 4:28); and again
tell her the truth. I cut my leg on the axe." in this dispensation the standard of honesty has been
"That won't be enough of the truth," Abe insisted, given from the Lord (D&C 42:21, 51:9).
"You must tell her how it happened and trust her to Honesty has ever been the distinguishing mark that
understand it and do what is right." separated a great man or woman from the rest of
Lincoln realized that honesty was not always the mankind. In the words of Cromwell, "A few honest
easiest way, but he knew it was the right way. Soon men are better than numbers. If you choose godly,
after he was defeated in his bid for the state legisla- honest men to be captains . . . , honest men will follow
ture of Illinois, he became part owner in a store. The them."
debts were piled up, and Lincoln's business partner Esther, a Jewish girl, was chosen by the king of
began drinking more and more. Finally, within a very Persia to be his wife from among all the unmarried
short time, he died. Lincoln had to assume the entire women in his kingdom, because of her great beauty
debt— and by that time it was a tremendous sum. and charm. However, the prime minister, Haman,
But Lincoln's honesty helped him face his obligations, issued a decree that all the Jews should be destroyed
and finally he paid the huge debt. When Esther heard of this, she was fearful and knew
In the simple day-to-day events, Lincoln gained the she had a grave decision to make. She could save
honesty that was to help lift him from his poverty to herself by keeping her secret and thus see her beloved
the state legislature, then to Congress, and finally to people destroyed, or she could attempt to save her
the presidency of the United States. people and place her own life in danger by revealing
Lincoln proved the truth of what Alexander Pope her own nationality to the king. She chose the honest
has written: "An honest man's the noblest work of and courageous way. And now as we honor Esther,
God." we do so not because of her great beauty, but rather
Some believe 'that honesty is a policy that can be because of her courageous honesty,
subscribed to when the situation is convenient, and Certainly honesty is the mark of a great individual,
just as easily can be abdicated the moment the situa- And just as certainly, that honesty must be learned
tion becomes difficult. However, there is no such and practiced in the small day-to-day events of life,
thing as being partially honest. To be honest, to The honesty in a classroom when others may be
adhere to truth, is not something to be conditioned by cheating; the honesty in an athletic contest, even
the situation of the moment. when a lie may produce a winning margin; the hon-
The Lord has commanded that we are to be honest esty with the Lord in keeping the commandments as
in all situations. The dishonesty of others cannot be you promise each Sunday when you partake of the
an excuse for us. He has said in this regard, "Verily, sacrament— all of these decisions are the seeds that
verily, I say unto you, wo be unto him that lieth produce honest, upright, and successful men and
to deceive because he supposeth that another lieth to women.
deceive, for such are not exempt from the justice of It is so true that "out of small tilings proceedeth that
God." (D&C 10:28.) which is great." (D&C 64:33.) O
October 1968 85
Samoan Representative Mrs. America
President Samuelu Atoa,
first counselor in the Apia
represented Western Samoa
in the Interregional
Seminar on the Development
of Senior Administrators
in the Public Service
of Developing Countries in
Switzerland. He is chairman
of the Public Service Com-
mission of Western Samoa.
Sister Joan Fisher,
of the Winder (Salt Lake
City) Tenth Ward and
mother of three children,
has been crowned
Mrs. America of 1969 in
ceremonies at St. Paul,
Minnesota. The new
Mrs. America, wife of M.
Byron Fisher, is active
in MIA teaching
The LDS Scene
Two new Regional Representatives of the Council
of the Twelve have been called by the First Presidency.
They are Elders Gerald G. Smith and Keith E. Garner.
Elder Smith will oversee the Spanish Fork, Utah,
region, and Elder Garner will oversee the Oakland-Walnut
Creek region of northern California. Elder Smith,
former president of the Eastern States Mission, has been a
member of two stake presidencies and is presently
serving in the presidency of the mission home
in Salt Lake City. He and his wife, Olive, are the parents
of three children. Elder Garner, recently
released as president of the Southern Far East
Mission, has served as bishop and high councilor. He
and his wife, Marilynn, are the parents of four children.
Ed Parker of the South Pasadena
(California) Ward recently sponsored and
directed the Fifth Annual International
Karate Championships, often called
the "world series of karate."
Brother Parker, a well-known
instructor and author of karate, hosted
more than 1,800 participants in the two-day
affair at the Long Beach, California, arena.
Prophets in Portrait
Portraits of Presidents Joseph Smith and Brigham
Young hang in the newly opened National Portrait Gallery
in Washington, D.C., which is sponsored by the
Smithsonian Institution. Some 300 works, including
paintings, sculpture, and photographs of those
who have contributed to the diverse past of America, are
on display in the old Patent Office, a building in
which Abraham Lincoln celebrated his second inaugural
ball, and which housed many of the Civil War wounded.
World Conference on Records
Planning sessions for the World Conference on
Records, sponsored by the Church's Genealogical Society,
were highlighted by a recent banquet and
pre-conference meetings attended by church, civic,
governmental, commercial, and other internationally
respected genealogists, archivists, librarians,
and historians. The conference, to be held August 5-8,
1969, in the new Salt Lake County Salt Palace,
will host conferees from all sections of the world. Many
famous scholars and experts have already registered
for the conference, the first of its kind ever to be
held. Among those experts attending the planning sessions
were Dr. Aziz S. Atiya, Middle East scholar,
Mrs. Atiya, widely recognized papyriologist, and
Dr. Baron Karl Friedrich von Frank, noted German
genealogist from Austria.
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Please send copies of Volume I,
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and packing. I enclose for
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"Can You Teach Johnny . . ."
I found "Can You Teach Johnny to Pray"
[June] to be one of the most spiritual
feasts I have ever read in my long years
of reading the Era. While I was reading
this story, tears came to my eyes— tears
of joy for this family the story was based
on. As a small boy I didn't know too
much about prayer, but a couple of
experiences I will never forget. God
does listen to heartfelt prayers, even
though they may be from children. The
story was very special.
C. D. Brady
Since I don't get to go to Church much,
I would like to say how much I have
enjoyed reading the testimonies and
messages from David O. McKay and all
the other leaders of the Church. I espe-
cially enjoyed the June issue of the Era,
and hope to get to read about the fall
Era of Youth
I have greatly enjoyed the articles, and
you have the most wonderful stories.
When I read the stories, I use them in
my daily life. The Era of Youth is fan-
tastic. My friends in the Church enjoy
it very much. I wish you could publish
more stories to teach us through our
New Berlin, Wisconsin
We wonder if we are part of the north-
ernmost branch in the Church. We live
in Hay River, and attend the branch at
". . .one of the most
I have ever read. .".."
Inuvik, Northwest Territories. The
branch is composed of about 40 mem-
bers. There is one member family at
Coppermine on Coronation Gulf, and one
lone member at Cambridge Bay on
Victoria Island. This member may be
the northernmost member of the Church
Clifford D. Mader
Hay River, Northwest Territories,
My wife and I would like to congratu-
late you on the fine magazine that you
make possible each month. For some-
time now we have found the Era to be
informative and useful as well as enter-
taining. On more than one occasion the
publication has helped us strengthen our
faith and deal with some rather diffi-
Larry and Gerry Rickertsen
New Haven, Connecticut
". . . Out of the Best Books"
I am a member of a small branch here
in England, and we share an Improve-
ment Era. It is a wonderful magazine,
and everyone longs for their turn to
come round. I really love the inspir-
ing talks given by the Prophet, President
David O. McKay, and the leaders of the
Church; I feel the spirit in reading them,
and learn something from each one. The
short stories I especially love, with their
beautiful messages. "Seek ye out of the
best books"— in my opinion the Era is
certainly one of these.
Burn the Book
The article "Burn the Book" [May], writ-
ten by Don Vincent di Francesca, first
Italian convert to be baptized on the
island of Sicily, was an exciting story. An
item has come to our attention concern-
ing this story that we feel is of interest to
Era readers. The original manuscript for
the article was submitted by Ortho R.
Fairbanks, sculptor at the Church Col-
lege of Hawaii, who had spent several
years in Italy, where he met Brother di
Before publication of the article, we
received the following letter from Brother
Fairbanks: "Enclosed is a check for $50,
which The Improvement Era sent to me
for submitting to them the story of the
conversion of Brother Don Vincent di
Francesca, When I submitted the story,
it was in hopes the money could go to
him. He died, however, before the
story was printed. I don't feel right in
accepting the money, and would like to
send this Di Francesca fund to the
Italian Mission to be used to perpetuate
his name or however you see fit."
What would be a fitting memorial to
Brother di Francesca? How would he
want the money used? How could the
fund help provide for the spiritual
betterment of the Saints he loved so
Well, the month of March marked the
first issue of La Stella, the Church Uni-
fied Magazine in the Italian language.
It constituted the first opportunity for the
Italian Saints to read the words of the
Prophet and the General Authorities and
to learn about the beautiful organiza-
tions and programs of the Church. A
big initial Stella drive was in process at
the time the Di Francesca fund was re-
ceived. Suddenly the answer to the Di
Francesca fund question came.
The branch president of the Palermo
Branch, Elder Kent L. Walgren, wrote
to this office explaining that literallv
none of the members in Palermo could
afford the amount necessary for a Stella
The perfect way to perpetuate his
name suddenly became obvious. In
March there were 29 members in the
Palermo Branch, and so each active fam-
ily of the branch received a one-year
subscription forLa Stella in the name of
Don Vincent di Francesca. Everyone
felt that this was a most fitting token-
to bring the words of modern prophets
to Brother di Francesca's own people in
their native tongue.
R. Brent Bentley
"Two Converts Look . . ."
An almost unbearable warmth welled up
inside me as I read the beautiful story
"Two Converts Look at the Church"
[July]. I, too, am a convert; and after
I had lived in a convent for 13 years,
two years of which I was a Catholic
nun, it was with indescribable joy that
I found the true Church. The magnifi-
cent ending to this beautiful story was
Brother Pruyn's remark, "We are also
glad we are converts: we have seen and
experienced how very little the other
side has to offer," I agree wholeheart-
edly, with tears in my eyes and a testi-
mony in my heart.
Mrs. Virginia Posselt
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Mrs. Nathan Dopp has
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A gas dryer gives you so much more than beautifully
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Hanging clothes and needless ironing shouldn't rob you
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An enthusiastic audience of
4,000 attended this evening's
Tabernacle Choir concert at HemisFair
'68 in San Antonio, Texas.
President and Mrs. David 0.
0. McKay were seated in one of
the automobiles that led the annual
Days of '47 parade in Salt Lake City at
nine this morning. Earlier President
Hartman Rector, Jr., of the First Coun-
cil of the Seventy addressed the
traditional sunrise services at Lindsay
After breakfasting with servicemen
at Lackland Air Force Base, the Taber-
nacle Choir presented a concert in the
base's outdoor amphitheater to approxi-
mately 10,000 of the 18,000 airmen
stationed there. This afternoon the
choir sang a brief concert in front of
the U. S. Pavilion at HemisFair. At the
same time nearly three hundred LDS
children marched in a delightful Pioneer
Day parade. This evening the choir
gave their final concert before an en-
thusiastic audience in the HemisFair
Both Utah senators this week had
addressed the U. S. Senate eulogizing
the pioneers. Senator Wallace F. Ben-
nett said: "The vanguard group of
pioneers who entered the valley in
1847 came by oxcart and on foot to
escape religious persecution in the
Middle West. Today, the stubborn
desert they faced in Utah has in reality
been tamed through sweat and dogged
determination." Noting that his own
grandparents trekked across the plains,
Senator Frank E. Moss said the Utah
holiday "is celebrated by Mormons and
non-Mormons alike, because of the im-
portance of the day to Utah history."
In Mexico City, the Tabernacle
Choir presented the first of two
concerts before an appreciative audi-
ence at the Palace of Fine Arts.
The two-day 1968 all-Church golf
tournament opened at the Alpine
Country Club, American Fork, Utah.
Arnold Ferrin of Ogden, Utah,
won the all-Church golf tourna-
ment. Jeff Ellis, Seattle, Washington,
won the junior title.
An artistically impressive concert by
the Tabernacle Choir at Mexico City's
Bellas Artes (Palace of Fine Arts)
brought a standing ovation from the
The First Presidency announced
the appointment of Heber G.
Jensen as president of the Alberta
Temple at Cardston. President Jensen
is serving presently as president of the
New Zealand Temple.
The appointments of 0. Preston
Robinson, Gerald G. Allen, Rex A. Wad-
ham, Kenneth L Neal, and Gary Q.
Jorgensen to the general board of the
Deseret Sunday School Union were
The Mormon Pioneer Trail and the
Mormon Battalion Route are two of 14
trails included in legislation by the
House of Representatives authorizing a
national system of historic trails across
the nation, Congressman Lawrence J.
Burton of Utah announced.
After singing . at dedication cere-
monies of buildings at the LDS El
Centro Escolar Benemerito de las
Americas in Mexico City, members of
the Tabernacle Choir returned to Salt
Lake City by chartered jet liners.
r,- The first performance of this
year's America's Witness for
Christ, the Palmyra Pageant, was pre-
sented to an appreciative audience at
the Hill Cumorah in upstate New York.
The auditing of every member's
certificate of membership by
bishops and ward clerks was begun.
It is expected that the Herculean task
will be completed by March 7, 1969,
enabling the records to be brought into
an automated program by the Pre-
The appointment of Elder Boyd
K. Packer, Assistant to the Coun-
cil of the Twelve, as the managing
director of the Home Teaching Commit-
tee was announced. In this position he
succeeds President Alvin R. Dyer of the
The appointment of President Loren
C. Dunn of the First Council of the
Seventy to serve on the Missionary
Committee was announced.
Ground was broken today for a half-
million dollar visitor's center in Inde-
pendence, Missouri, near the site that
the Prophet Joseph Smith designated
for a temple in 1831.
The appointments of Bryan L. Bunker
and Edward H. Sorensen as counselors
to President O. Leslie Stone of the Salt
Lake Temple were announced.
The week-long season of presenta-
tion of America's Witness for Christ
concluded this evening at the Hill
Cumorah. In the opinion of many, it
was "indeed the best ever." Among the
General Authorities who were present
at some of the performances were
Elders Mark E. Petersen and Richard L.
Evans of the Council of the Twelve
and Elder Marion D. Hanks, Assistant
to the Council of the Twelve.
With Sto*-*^£U and Vk c0 * per oX ca n custo«v-
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Deseret News Press
1600 Empire Road
Salt Lake City, Utah
Our modern web offset equipment produces
over 1,000,000 magazines each month.
To get a little nearer to your telephone,
get a telephone nearer to you.
Enjoy an extension phone in your home this
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and the Latter-day Saints
79 South State Street
Salt Lake City, Utah 84111
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JttrJB ■ *-*<
• Full-page, full-color pictures of
all existing temples
• Numerous four-color pictures of
• The Purpose of Temples — Presi-
dent David 0. McKay
• The LDS Concept of Marriage —
President Hugh B. Brown
• Ancient Temples and Their
Functions — Sidney B. Sperry
• Other pertinent articles on dis-
tinctive features of "Mormon-
All missionaries and other per-
sonnel of the Church are re-
ported safe after the recent earthquake
in the Philippines.
Missionaries, members, and
Church property were all re-
ported safe from the effects of the
recent Mexican earthquake.
The appointment of T. Max
Fortie to the general board of
the Deseret Sunday School Union was
The appointments of Owen L Archi-
bald and J. Golden Snow as counselors
to President Heber G. Jensen of the
Alberta Temple were announced.
The First Presidency repeated
their announcement that chapels
and other buildings of the Church
should not be used for political meet-
ings or rallies. While members of the
Church are free to engage in and
become involved in political campaigns,
they should not use Church-owned
facilities, nor should members ask
those in positions of authority for the
use of such facilities. The First Presi-
dency also cautioned against using
political candidates as sacrament meet-
The reappointment of Mrs. Mar-
vel M. Young to the general
board of the Primary Association was
The appointments of Mrs. Luella
Wheeler Finlinson and Mrs. Norma B.
Ashton to the general board of the
Relief Society were announced.
The appointment of Elder Henry
D. Taylor, Assistant to the
Council of the Twelve, as vice-chairman
of the Adult Correlation Committee was
The appointments of Gerald G.
Smith and Keith E. Garner as Regional
Representatives of the Council of the
Twelve were announced. Elder Smith's
call is to the Spanish Fork (Utah)
region, succeeding his late brother,
Stanford G. Smith.
By G. Homer Durham
President, Arizona State University
There was a time in some
American towns when
people could stand apart
from the compelling tasks
and issues of race relations. That
time may still exist for a few, in a
few places, perhaps some northern
rural community or other place
"back home." But such places, if
any, are very, very few. Our sons,
daughters, grandchildren, and
those beyond live in Detroit, in
Washington, Atlanta, Los Angeles,
Boston, Chicago, and elsewhere.
We cannot be "saved" without
them, nor they without us. They
cannot stand apart from the issue.
Brookline cannot stand apart from
Roxbury, Beverly Hills from Watts,
nor Chevy Chase from Washington,
We are more than ever one
nation, under God, indivisible. But
liberty and justice for all are still
lacking. This is the special feel-
ing of many underprivileged people
in our society, including a large
segment of our black citizens.
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The racial revolution in America derives from
the fact that all men are children of God.
All men are children of God. The
racial revolution in America, after
all is said and done, derives from
this fact. Each human being has
inborn tendencies and acquired
aspirations. Conspirators and
evangelists may play upon these
aspirations, but the child of God
remains. For good or evil, he is a
child of God.
In America, human beings are
under heavy persuasion and
stimuli to seek material self-
improvement. Inducements to
seek material comforts are never-
ceasing. An old comic strip,
"Keeping Up With the Joneses,"
long ago depicted this phase of
Americana. Modern advertising
and mass media emphasize it.
The glorification of constitu-
tional freedoms, the powerful
winds of democracy, and the
voices of mass communication in
America are so persistent and con-
tinuous that all hear, see, or
imagine "a better world." The
disadvantaged people, including
the Negro, cannot but hear and be
moved to resentment. Their exist-
ing conditions, as many approach
adulthood, offer little hope.
Speaking of the Negroes, only in
recent years have qualified black
student-athletes found acceptabil-
ity in otherwise "white" public
colleges and universities of Amer-
ica. But their presence now, on
almost every major college playing
field, represents the new gen-
"Land where my fathers died"
still refers to Europe for many
Americans. There are white
American families that go back
only one or two generations in
this country. Others reach back
three, four, five, or more genera-
tions. My ancestors, for example,
except for the seventeenth century
Scovils of Connecticut, came to
this country since 1840. But
nearly all the American Negroes
descend from individuals who
came as early as 1612, and not
later, generally, than 1818. Cris-
pus Attucks, a Negro, was killed
in the "Boston Massacre" in 1774,
50 years before my ancestor,
Thomas Durham, patriarch of the
Parowan Stake, was born in Old-
ham, England. Green Flake, Oscar
Crosby, and Hark Lay, black Utah
pioneers in the first company of
1847, arrived in the Salt Lake
Valley several years before my an-
cestor L. N. Scovil brought his
companies, immigrants who had
landed at New Orleans, west
across the plains to Utah. Hark
Lay, Oscar Crosby, Green Flake,
their descendants, and their an-
cestors must have heard some-
thing about "We hold these truths
to be self-evident," and "Our
Father which art in heaven." These
doctrines and the aspirations that
go with them must have moved
them, as others have been moved.
Today, urban Americans are
caught up in a great civil and so-
cial upheaval. The presence of
colored faces, black, yellow, or
brown, in any classroom or audi-
ence, observed by many leaders of
this generation, denotes important
current development toward fuller
realization of the ideals of citizen-
ship, of the ideals of the father-
hood of God and the brotherhood
of man. Segregation and dis-
crimination, as abstract thought
processes in chemistry, may well
be natural and intelligent. But
segregation and discrimination in
society, on the basis purely of
race, and without reference to any
other thing, are, by majority con-
sent of today's congresses, by
three amendments to the Consti-
tution of the United States, and by
a century of legislative effort since
those amendments, immoral and
The nation's journals express
the view that our conscience is the
prime asset in extending the hand
of help and uplift to the under-
privileged of all races. What can
I do? The voice of conscience has
asked this question in America for
decades. Today it is being an-
swered not only by Congress, but
also by the nation's business
I have recently sat in meetings
with the business leadership of the
Phoenix area and have seen that
much qan be done. The National
Alliance of Businessmen, headed
by Henry Ford II and Leo Beebe,
executive vice president of Ford
Motor Company, has gone to work
this year in the largest American
communities to find jobs for dis-
advantaged people. Their efforts
may represent one of the more
important ventures of this decade.
In the Phoenix area, the business
leaders placed 1,600 disadvan-
taged youths in summer jobs by
June 15, with 1,000 permanent
jobs also provided for the unem-
ployed "hard-core" adults. If the
labor unions, schools, churches,
and other private agencies do as
much and as well in their respec-
tive fields as these Arizona busi-
nessmen (and their counterparts
in the 50 largest cities), much
good will have been launched.
The average business leader
knows that a job is the foundation
of self-respect. The firms cooper-
ating with the National Alliance of
Businessmen know that most of
the hard-core unemployed are un-
skilled, unschooled, and have
petty or even more serious criminal
records. Many such records stem
from ignorance, from unwitting in-
volvement in details of automobile
and other sales contracts, from
unmet payments and interest,
from frustration, from neighbor-
hood brawls or near brawls, from
traffic incidents in worn-out ja-
lopies — and from crimes of vio-
lence. The businessmen know
that these individuals will have to
be encouraged and motivated,
gently but effectively retrained,
and encouraged: moreover, that
they will have to be tolerated and
understood by their fellow workers,
and that it is a long, hard road.
But it has been inspiring to see
the business community assume
responsibility and exert such out-
standing leadership for this revolu-
tionary work. Executives have been
loaned to, and are spending full
time on, the project. New train-
ing programs have been launched
— both for the old established,
existing workers, and for the
recruits. New personnel policies
have had to be made in order to
extend the helping hand of busi-
ness to those who heretofore sim-
ply could not compete.
This is not a weekend task nor
a summer project. It represents
a task that will occupy the busi-
ness community the rest of this
century and perhaps beyond.
In these times, the unfinished
business of the American revolu-
tion — the quest for "the pursuit
of happiness" and the fulfillment
of citizenship — confronts the na-
tion. The work cannot all be left
to the government, nor to the
National Alliance of Businessmen.
As the lines of an old hymn might
be paraphrased, there is work for
all to do, ere the sun goes down.
And, in this connection, the
Savior's injunction in Matthew 25
becomes increasingly poignant:
"Inasmuch as ye have done it
unto one of the least of these my
brethren, ye have done it unto
me." (Matt. 25:40.) O
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End of an Era
A group of Church members
from California, en route to
Salt Lake City for
general conference, stopped
in Las Vegas for
refreshments. The waitress
quickly brought coffee
cups and a percolator to
the table but was
informed that the group
didn't drink coffee and
would have milk instead.
As she went for their order,
she was heard to say,
"Wow ! Did you ever see so
many ulcer patients in
"Yes," said the personnel
manager to the job applicant,
"what we're after is a man
of vision; a man with drive,
determination, fire; a man who
can inspire others; a man who
can pull our bowling team
out of last place!"
Our message is one of a
living God who speaks now,
whose voice we have heard,
whose countenance has shifted
upon us, and whose words
we know and teach to others.
— Elder Bruce R. McConkie
Sign in a restaurant: "Eat here
once and you'll never live
to regret it."
I have never let my schooling
interfere with my education.
Our youths love luxury. They
have bad manners, contempt for
authority; they show disrespect for
their elders, and love to chatter
in place of exercise. Children are
now tyrants, not the servants of their
households. They no longer
rise when their elders enter the
room. They contradict their
parents, chatter before company,
gobble up their food, and tyrannize
— Socrates, 400 B.C.
I've never quite been able to
understand the explanation
of the origin and existence of the
halo — and yet it isn't because
it is over my head.
— T. Kirkwood Collins
They laughed when I sat
down to play the piano with my
hands tied behind my back.
They didn't know I played
Wife: Don't you think it's about
time we took Junior to the zoo?
Husband: Why? If they want
him bad enough, they'll come
Our son, who had been
longing to attend Primary but who
wasn't yet old enough, heard
the announcement on
television of a state primary
election and exclaimed,
"Oh, boy! Primary on TV!"
—Sheila M. Stewart, Snowflake, Arizona
My interest is in the future,
because I am going to spend the
rest of my life there.
— Charles Franklin Kettering,
Calamities are of two kinds:
misfortune to ourselves,
and good fortune to others.
— Ambrose Bierce
"End of an Era" will pay $3 for humorous anecdotes and experiences that relate to the Latter-day Saint way of life. Maximum length 150 words.
Read These Results
see how the
Kathryn Beich Plan Pays Off!
Church Makes $3500.00
"Used the profit from Kathryn Beich
Candy sale to provide laboratory equip-
ment for our foreign mission."
GIRLS CLUB SELLS $18,0001
And they do it every year with these fine
candies! Money buys Christmas baskets
of food for the needy.
Boys Earn $2008 in 42 Days
For New Camping Equipment!
This Chicago area youth group has sold
over $12,000 of candy in the past three
years! "Customers are waiting for us . . ."
is the reason.
"New hospital wing was great, but the old
lobby was out-of-place. Your candy gave
us $10,000 to remodel everything . . . even
enough for a color television!"
"We Learned The Hard Way . . ."
"We have sold your candy for years to
finance trips to fairs and football games.
But last Fall a fast talking salesman
sold us another candy . . . with prizes
and supposedly more profit . . . and we
fell flat. Your Kathryn Beich quality,
variety and value was missing. People
who used to buy a case of Katydids,
etc., grudgingly bought one box. We
had to return half the shipment. That's
learning the hard way your plan is best.
Please rush this 200 case order or we'll
miss our Expo Canada trip and be in
big trouble with our youngsters."
Grateful Little League
"Made enough to make our team the best-
equipped, best-dressed in the conference
. . . they are winning more this season, too!"
HIGH SCHOOL BAND SUCCESS
"We just have to be a winner in this year's
contests with $4000 worth of new equip-
ment . . . thanks to Kathryn Beich."
CANDY BUYS FIRETRUCK!
"One more dime and we'll have enough
cash for the volunteer department's new
truck. Thank you for your help!"
DO YOU WANT
new band uniforms? More Little
League equipment? Special
assistance for your Church or choir?
For these and any other project,
SEND COUPON NOW!
NEW Money-Making Book
Free to your school, church, club
or other civic organization!
20-PAGE BOOKLET SHOWS HOW TO
Earn $50-$5000 Fast and Easy
with Kathryn Beich Candies!
This fact-filled guide outlines how to plan and operate a profitable
money-making project— large or small— at any time of the year and with-
out risk of your own money.
This tested plan will also introduce you to the legendary Kathryn Beich
Candies. Choose from luscious chocolates, fine butter mints, rare toffees, tender
crumbles— thirteen "Gift Quality" candies priced from 50^— including three new
candies offered for the first time!
Millions of people have bought these confections to support thousands of dif-
ferent projects. For example, an Indiana Boy's Club made $1806— sold first order in
two days! Excellent service helped Denver medical club raise over $500
for research! Here's why it is so easy: We send the candy you need, /> * ,\
enough to raise $50to $5000 or more, and even pay shipping costs. Pay % M A" S NTE!? epir ^?
after you finish your sale. Take up to 60 days if you want. Write today! **'»'»» »™«°'° c0 *'
Rus h_ Cou po n R>r FREE Book I et
Dept. 36P4, Bloomington, III. 61701
□ Send Free guide and complete details.
Second Class Postage Paid
at Salt Lake City, Utah
Making the Family Life the Good Life ... a new baby means new
financial responsibilities ... the challenge that every father faces; providing for
his loved ones now and in the future. Through their valued council, highly train-
ed Beneficial Life agents help to assure a continu- "QT^T^FTTPTAT TTPP
ance of "the good life" for thousands of families. ^manee (S^^man%
Virgil H. Smith, Pres. \^$^/ Salt Lake City, Utah